Genetic Engineering or GMO's

EQ: Should we be doing these? Made by: John Kantor

GMO's Background

Genetic engineering is manipulating, modifying, or recombining genes to give them a specific trait. For example, adding a piece of genetic material from a cactus to a pear tree to make the pears immune to scorching temperatures and extremely dry climates. Genetic engineering can also be a type of cloning. The cloning is basically the same thing but it is mainly used for making more of a certain thing. Some of the most often things are already made GMO's, a type of scarce material, and now animals. An example of that is that groups of scientist that specialize in genetic engineering have been working with each other to create a clone woolly mammoth from just a DNA sample. Yet, they are progressing at quite a great pace too, and remember them only having a DNA sample, technology, and their brilliant minds. More information at http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/05/30/perfect-preserved-mammoth-carcass-with-possible-cloneable-material-found-in-arctic/. Anyway, GMO's of all types are done mostly the same way. First, you will have a strip of DNA, or genetic material whatever you want to call it, from the thing that has the wanted traits or needs, with that DNA you will need to remove a microscopic strip that has the trait(s) wanted and attach it to the thing you want to modify when it is being made and collecting its genes. Then, you will watch it form and monitor what happens so you can fix any unwanted problems. Finally, you will care for it until it has been born, hatched, sprouted, etc., that is basically it apart from your having to do many trails at a time or it not working in most scenarios. Gene modification has helped mankind step into the future and fight of multiple diseases and viruses, GMO's are a great part of history and our everyday lives.

Woolly Mammoth

The picture below shows a researcher inspecting around the carcass area, Russians’ claim that they found blood in that sample around where the researcher is working on in the picture.

Big image

Genetic Engineering

http://youtu.be/nfC689ElUVk has a video that shows the steps of genetic engineering and is similar to my example in the background paragraph.

Benefits

Gene modification has many benefits from medicine to a power source, read this to see how good they can be. One benefit from GMO's is the creation of insulin. In 1973 the first successful attempt of gene manipulation had occurred, later in 1982 the first insulin was made, both of these events had happened in America. The insulin was used to help people with diabetes, later these had been used to make more advanced insulin’s that can even stall cancer. Another benefit is that GMO's had been made into food, these foods are eaten on a daily basis by some people, and these foods were made to stop world hunger. The result is that many starving families now have a meal that they never had a chance to eat before. These types of food are very well known, some food GMO's are burgers, chicken nuggets, and fries from places like McDonald's, Burger King, or Hardy's/Carl's Jr. One example is, Monsanto bought a huge supply of GMO wheat for 2.1 million dollars to sell to farms, grow some on his own property, and sell it in stores. This wheat has been modified to be immune to pesticides and to be soft white wheat. He said it paid off even though it was 2.1 million dollars. One interesting reason is that if we go deeper in GMO's, in the future we might be able to find out how to make any average person have a special ability (super power) by adding a specific gene from a type of animal to their genetic structure. More information of this is at http://www.the-peak.ca/2014/10/genetic-engineering-takes-steps-towards-building-superhumans/. My final benefit is, farmers are able to make crops that are immune to pesticides or some other thing that harms them. The farmers are able to give and take traits from different plants to another. In conclusion, there are many ways that we can use GMO's for good.

Dangers

Genetic engineering has many severe dangers. This is because, if a farmer is growing wheat that is immune to pesticides and makes it into products where do you think the pesticides will go. The answer is, they will go straight to you, and this is because if the wheat is made into bread the chemicals will go right in you. An example of this is, The Flavor Savor tomato that was made in California has been genetically modified to have a longer shelf life was banned by the US with help from the EU. The reason why it was banned was because the US and EU feared what it could do to you if you ate it, so they didn't take any risks. Another reason is, that in a GMO product the cells have an extreme amount of bacteria or viruses in them, this means when we consume a GMO product we have a high chance of getting sick because all of the bacteria in the product. This is another reason the US and EU are trying to stop genetic engineering and it's another reason why GMO foods are called "frankinfoods", that reference is by Paul Lewis. Another good reason is that genetic engineered plants and animals can start a big disease by just getting a cold. This is because their modified genetic structure and if they do get sick and it spreads it is called a genetic disease these diseases are very severe and contagious. If you get a genetic disease genetically modified bacteria will devour your cells at an extreme rate. The next reason is, the DNA databases of GMO's are unnatural, have been messed with, and just messed up in general. These GMO's are dangerous for your cells, organs, and nervous system because the messed up database. My final reason is, scientist have gone way too far with GMO's, this is because instead of making medicine or a new energy source they choose to make tweeting mice, glow in the dark cats, monster salmon, act. These scientists choose to play around with genetics instead of being serious and that can be the reason of a zombie apocalypse, giant monster attack, or some other tragic event. In conclusion, genetic engineering has many dangers that we should keep in mind so one doesn't happen.

My Thoughts

I'm not strongly for one opinion, I support it but with specific restrictions. I approve GMO's only if the people making them choose to be cautious, mature, and never to goof off when doing them. For example, I support gene modification for food, but it had to be made to help end world hunger, but I wouldn't support it if the person was goofing off. For example, the creation of glow in the dark cats or the monster salmon is just proof that the person was using genetic engineering for entertainment. My restrictions are gene modification couldn't have been used for entertainment; it should have been made to benefit mankind, the person has to be smart about what ability they will add and if it will harm us in any way, and finally, for the person modifying genes to always keep what could happen in mind. In conclusion, I support GMO's in general, but only if it meets my standards.

Bibliography

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