Germany

By Ryan and Kolby

Landforms

Germany has many great land forms. It is not near the Pacific Ring of Fire, which means that there are no volcanoes or earthquakes in Germany. There are many types of land in Germany, and many different land types to choose from. The northern part of Germany is used as farmland, and is very flat. From the northeast to the south, the land is sandy. As you move more to the south, central Germany is mostly wooded plains. Even lower, there are mountain ranges. Germany has many land forms to live in, and many exciting places to choose from!

Rivers and Water

In Germany, there are many rivers, scattered around the country. Just over 2% of Germany is covered in bodies of water. The second longest river in Europe, the Danube, runs through Germany. There are some lakes, but a majority of the water covering Germany is from the rivers. The water level in Germany isn’t decreasing too much, and there is a lot of water conservation, like the fact that there are over 300 dams holding water. There are 11 main rivers in Germany with MANY other small rivers. And this all leads up to Germany being a fairly water-filled country.

Climate

The climate in Germany is moderate, and there are no extended periods of hot or cold. Near the north sea coast, summers are warm and winters are mild. As you go into central Germany, there is more seasonal change, and you experience all 4 seasons. In the southern part of Germany, the temperatures can get far below zero in the winter, resulting in great winter activities and amazing sport areas. There are many different choices, and something for everybody!

Agriculture

There is a lot of farming in Germany, with plenty of space and lots of fertile soil. generally, Germany has moderate soil, but there is extremely high quality soil in some areas because from the neighbouring Swiss alps, a fine material called loess blows off the ice and creates black to dark brown soil. There is some unusable land though because there are some areas, mainly near the ocean, that are covered in sand, rock and small marshy areas. However, they grow many different crops, from potatoes to fruits, from tobacco to wheat. Germany has a broad range of different types of crops, and animals. Germany’s agricultural products provides too much food for people who live there, which meant more imports and exports. Western Germany though provides around ⅘ of the food requirement. Most of the fine soil and farming done is done in Central Germany because it is flatter than some areas with, for example, mountainous or hill-like land.