Judicial Branch Smore

Levels, responsibility, characteristics, and jurisdiction.

Levels

The three main levels of federal courts are supreme, appeals, and district courts.


The Supreme Court is the highest level of courts. They make the final discison in cases that in which involve laws of congress, but have little number of cases. The supreme court is made up of a chief justice and 8 associate justices.


The Appeals Court was established in Article 3 in the constitution. The appeals court is also known as the circuit court and they deal with a nation wide jurisdiction. They deal with cases such as international trade, money claims against the U.S., and veteran benefits. They also deal with requested felonies and some cases from district courts.


District courts are the lowest level of the federal courts. There are 94 districts and they have the jurisdiction to hear all cases dealing with criminal, civil, and federal cases. District courts are also known as the trial courts because the cases come to them first.

Characteristics

The judicial branch includes a Bicameral Legislature, this means that it consist of two houses so that they can have two ideas that can be used to benefit the U.S. The Judicial branch also has a distriubution of powers which means that the power will be divided between local, federal, and state regulation.

By: Hannah Stone