Jackie Robinson

By: Will Gallagher

"I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me... All I ask is that you respect me as a human being." -Jackie Robinson
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Jackie Robinson hits a ball while playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers

10 Facts about Jackie

1. Jack "Jackie" Roosevelt Robinson was born January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Ga. Shortly after his birth, his family moved and settled in Pasadena, Calif.

2. President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days before Robinson was born, was the inspiration for his middle name.

3. He was the youngest of five children—Edgar, Frank, Matthew “Mack,” and Willa Mae—and grew up in relative poverty in a well-off community in Pasadena.

4. Robinson attended John Muir High School, where he was placed on the Pomona Annual Baseball Tournament All-Star Team with fellow future Baseball Hall of Famers Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox and Bob Lemon of the Cleveland Indians.

5. He was also an accomplished tennis player, winning the junior boys singles championship in the Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament.

6. Jackie’s brother Mack was an adept athlete and a splendid sprinter. He won a Silver Medal in the 200 meters behind Jesse Owens during the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany.

7. In 1942, Jackie Robinson was drafted into the Army. He was assigned to a segregated Army Cavalry unit in Fort Riley, Kansas.

8. He made his Major League Baseball debut on April 15, 1947, at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. He became the first African-American baseball player in Major League history.

9. He also won Rookie of the Year in 1947 with a batting average of .297, 175 hits, 12 home runs, and 48 runs batted in.

10. Jackie Robinson's number is retired in the MLB and nobody can wear it in the MLB forever. Also, once every year all the players in the MLB wear the number 42 in honor of him(April 15, 2016).

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How and Why?

How did people react when Jackie Robinson began to play for a MLB team?

People were furious. They sent multiple notes to him including death threats and racial slurs. Every time he walked on the field he was yelled at and boo'ed at.

Why did Jackie not drop everything and quit from all the grief he received from whites?

Robinson was no quitter. He had already had gone so far that he wasn't going to give up now. He stayed strong through and kept playing baseball right into the Hall of Fame.

What Jackie faced

Jackie was the most hated player in he MLB by whites. Every time he stepped on the field he was shouted at and called racial slurs even by KIDS! At first they got in his head but then he realized that's what they wanted to do. He received letters from random people telling him they would kill him or his family. The players treated him poorly on the field hitting him with pitches on purpose. He never quit. He kept going. Now today he is an idol to many and honored specially in the MLB creating a pathway to many new players.

How Jackie Contributed to the Civil Rights Movement

Everyone doubted Jackie Robinson. Whites hated him, Blacks loved him. He was yelled and screamed at and told he would fail but he didn't give up. He fought for that spot on an MLB roster and never stopped til he got there. This inspired others to stand up for themselves whether it was making it to a professional sports league or just to a neighborhood racist. He encouraged everyone to pursue there goal no matter what others think.