Aristotle & Philosophy

By: Josie Pooler & Addie Baker

Background Information

  • 384-322 BCE in Stagira, Greece
  • He studied under Plato
  • He spent most of his life working as a teacher, researcher, & Writer

Philosophies

  • Aristotle made contributions to logic, metaphysics, math, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance, & theater
  • He taught that theory must follow fact
  • Human beings should aim for a life of conformity and rationality

Contemporaries

Aristotle studied under Plato who in turn studied under Socrates

Notable Works

  • Prior Analytics
  • Posterior Analytics
  • Categories
  • On Interpretatione

Significance in Debate

Aristotle is the origin of logic and created many laws and skills regarding logic and argumentation. He created the Law of Non-Contradiction and the Law of Excluded Middle. He also wrote the Organon which is a collection of his most notable works. In addition, he made great advances in the area of metaphysics and syllogism.

Opposing views

  • Plato- Aristotle was more of a realist than Plato and eventually came up with his own theories and rejected those of his former tutor
  • John Stuart Mill- describes happiness as the absence of pain and the actions of a person while Aristotle thought that happiness had to do with being virtuous and excellent