Beluga Whales Endangered
Physical description The beluga whale is a white whale that is 13 to 16 feet and averaging around 3,150 lbs which is pretty small compared to most whales. The whale has a very light skin and almost dolphin like features especially in the face.
Habitat and Ecology Most of them are in coastal waters but some do live in deeper waters too. They can be found in both arctic waters or warmer water. The Cook Inlet which is the water between the Gulf of Alaska and Anchorage is a designated habitat for beluga whales. The whales diet consists of octopus, squid, crabs, shrimp, clams, mussels, snails, sandworms, and a variety of fish. They usually live 35-50 years and travel in large groups. They are really social and interact with each other with lots of unique chirps and clicks and they're known as the "canaries of the sea" because of that.
Range Beluga whales could be found throughout the ocean at one point but they are mostly only found in the subarctic regions of Russia, Greenland, and North America.
Population The Cook Inlet is the only endangered population of Beluga whales. There is estimated to be only 325 whales there which is a big drop from the estimate of around 1,300 in the late 1970s.
Interesting things Beluga whales are covered in a thick layer of fat that is 40 percent of their body. They also shed their skin and and use the shallow ocean ground to help rub off the skin. They also have very good hearing, and vision and use echolocation to see in areas with little light.