Uttarakand: Tears and Tragedies.

The big distater which shook the state from head-to-toe.

INTRODUCTION.

Uttarakhand formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the "Land of the Gods" due to the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centers found throughout the state. Uttarakhand is known for its natural beauty of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was created from the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, which is a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.

TEARS AND TRAGEDIES: THE UTTARAKAND DISASTER.

Flash floods resulting from extremely intense rainfall swept away mountainsides, villages and towns, thousands of people, animals, agricultural fields, irrigation canals, domestic water sources, dams, roads, bridges, and buildings — anything that stood in the way. Reasons for the disaster still remains a mystery though it is confirmed that the flood was the work of a raincloud which resulted in a cloudburst. From 14 to 17 June 2013, the Indian state of Uttarakhand and adjoining areas received heavy rainfall, which was about 375% more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon.This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres, and eruption of the Mandakini River which led to heavy floods near Uttarakand, some states and districts. Even though this is said to be a 'natural disaster', if the early-warniings were given, a bit more of Uttarakand would be still there. Warnings by the India Meteorological Department predicting heavy rains were not given wide publicity beforehand, causing thousands of people to be caught unaware, resulting in huge loss of life and property.

Uttarakhand Flood 2013 Heavy Rain in Uttarakhand

"Over 1,00,000 people have been evacuated so far from the affected areas. Helping people rebuild their lives is the biggest challenge for the Uttarakhand government – in fact, for the whole country"

-THE TIMES OF INDIA.

PLACES OF HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE EFFECTED BY THE FLASH FLOOD.

Steps taken by the government.

>> Rattled by the Himalayan tsunami that ravaged Uttarakhand, the state government on Monday clamped a blanket ban on construction of houses and commercial establishments along river banks and announced setting up of a statutory body for development of flood-hit areas.

>> Financial aid will be sought from multilateral bodies like the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank for reconstruction and rehabilitation of the devastated areas in Uttarakhand.

>> Restoration of 2865 villages.

STEPS TAKEN BY THE LOCALS.

>> Protection of environment taken more seriously.

>> Keeping a check on illegal construction and deforestation.

>> Practising basic safety measures.

>> Reporting to authorities if a fault has been found.

>> Staying alert to unrecognized weather changes.