xeroderma pigmentosum

By: Sarah Nebijinates

What is "xeroderma pigmentosum"?

Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare skin disease which makes the skin sensitive to the sun rays, as a result making it a high chance of them getting skin cancer and or eye cancer in contact with the sun.

Inheritance:

  • How does it get passed on: Both parents must carry the recessive trait.
  • 1 in a million people have xeroderma pigmentosum
  • Found in X or Y

Research and studies

They are still doing researches and tests. All they know is that every time you go in the sun, you are at high risk of sun or eye cancer.

Symptoms:

  • Start showing at a young age(such ad infancy); however does not show any symptoms at birth


When exposed to sun, these symptoms may occur:


  • Blistering
  • Sunburn
  • Freckles
  • Birth mark
  • Change of skin color(increase or decrease)
  • Dryness
  • Inflammation
  • Rough spots

Other symptoms:

  • They eyes will become more irritated, swollen and red.
  • Deafness
  • Poor reflex
  • Spasticity(tightness or stiffness to muscles)


Mental symptoms:

  • lower Intelligiance
  • Slower

Treatments:

  • Eye and skin examinations(frequently)
  • Removal of cancer cells
  • Wear suncreen
  • Protection of ultraviolet lights
  • Psychosocial care,
  • Neurological Examination