The factories where important in the industrial revolution because it created a new labor system. Owners wanted their machines running constantly. So, workers where forced to work in shifts to keep the machines producing at a steady rate.
workers came from rural areas
Early factory workers came from rural areas where they were used to periods of hectic work, followed by periods of inactivity.
Adult workers were fined for being late and were dismissed for serious misconduct, especially for being drunk. Children workers where often beaten as punishment.