Animal Research: The Giant Tribute

How is medical research through animals beneficial?

Introduction:

There are more than two-hundred diseases that are shared by humans and animals (Michigan Society for Medical Research 708). Many of them have been treated in both animals and humans through animal research. Animal experimentation in many animals has led to discoveries that have prevented, treated and nearly eradicated some diseases. It has led to the development of vaccines, antibiotics, anesthetics and other treatments for maladies that plague humans and animals (Michigan Society for Medical Research 154). Without animal research, information on cancers and other illnesses would not have been found. It also helps develop alternatives to animal research for the hope that we will be able to harm less animals in the future. ("It is Not Completely Possible to Replace Animals in Medical Research"). Even though the thought of experimenting on animals is not necessarily very pleasant to think about, it is the best research we can do that applies most to humans.

Thesis:

Animal experimentation is beneficial since it helps find cures for diseases in animals as well as humans and it also further progresses the science field.

Concession 1:

Animal research is expensive.

Some people believe animal research is overly expensive and consumes too much of the federal government's money ("Animal Research is Unethical and Scientifically Unnecessary").

Concession 2:

There are several alternatives to animal research.

Most animal rights activists and people who oppose animal experimentation think that there are many different alternatives for medical research through animals. They believe that computer simulations, micro-dosing, in vitro testing, and in vivo testing are better since they do not harm animals and they are cheaper ("It is Not Possible to Completely Replace Animals in Medical Research").
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Above is a nude mouse, which is genetically modified and helps researchers simulate cancer.

Rebuttal:

Even though animal research is a bit pricy, the funds provided for animal research go to help cure, prevent and treat diseases. At the cost of some money used on animal research, thousands of human lives will eventually be saved. Also the "alternatives" people speak of are just methods to reduce animal usage in experimentation. Animals are still needed to develop the "alternatives" that researchers use. "These so called alternatives tend to compliment animal research, not replace it." ("It is Not Possible to Completely Replace Animals in Medical Research").

Rebuttal Paragraph 1:

First, animal research provides cures and treatments for epidemics in animals and humans. Surgeries, antibodies, anesthetics, and vaccines have been developed through animal research (Michigan Society for Medical Research 154). For example, a polio vaccine was discovered through testing primates (Michigan Society for Medical Research 702). Herceptin and Tamoxifen are new medicines that treat breast cancer. They were developed through the testing of mice and rats, and have saved thousands of lives ("Medical Progress Depends Upon Animal Research"). As a result of all the animal research, drugs were developed that have increased cancer survival rates by fifty to sixty percent since 1975 ("Medical Progress Depends Upon Animal Research"). Not just drugs and vaccines have been developed, but disease preventions as well. There are now preventions for cancer, HIV, AIDS, heart disease and diabetes. Animal research has also benefited animals. Through research, hearing aids, pain relievers, insulin, pacemakers, supplements and organ transplants have been created for animals (Michigan Society for Medical Research 164). Animal experimentation has, and will continue to produce valuable information that could potentially save lives of humans and animals.

Rebuttal Paragraph 2:

Second, animal research progresses the science field. Some "alternatives" that have been created to decrease the number of animals used in research are systems that give scientists and researchers ideas on what the next step should be in their studies. A good example of this is the in vitro system. "Dr. Phil Stephens pioneered an in vitro test for ulcer treatments based on genetic manipulation." Stephens says: "There are a number of different animal models out there, but they are not really good models for these wounds. So, we began developing an in vitro system." ("It is Not Possible to Completely Replace Animal Research in Medical Research"). Dr. Stephens could not find any animal models that applied to his research, so he used past systems to form a new in vitro test that he can use now. This test also probably will be used as a model for in vitro tests in the future ("It is Not Possible to Completely Replace Animal Research in Medical Research"). Other ideas based on previous tests include: strict disease prevention, human clinical trials, population tests (as of cells or bacteria) and in vivo (where living solutions are tested on living plants or animals) ("Animal Research is Unethical and Scientifically Unnecessary"). Animal testing is amazing. Not just for its results, developments or feedbacks, but for its ability to change into several different tests.

Video Debate on How Necessary Animal Research is:

Is animal testing necessary?

Conclusion:

In conclusion, animal research benefits us by curing diseases that are shared by animals and humans as well as by making progress in the science field. It benefits us and animals. It can save lives, prevent maladies, and better the lives of animals and humans. It also gives us great technology ideas and drug ideas for the future. Take the five advantages of animal experimentation to heart and help save lives- spread the word about what animal research can do for animals and for humans. Animal research has helped today's society and it might just save someone you are close to.

Works Cited:

Michigan Society for Medical Research. Animals in Research: A Resource Guide. Ann Arbor: Michigan Society for Medical Research, Print.


"Medical Progress Depends on Animal Research." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, Web. 2013. 6 Feb. 2015


"It is Not Possible to Complete Replace Animals in Medical Research." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, Web. 2013. 22 Feb. 2015.


"Animal Research is Unethical and Scientifically Unnecessary." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, Web. 2012. 10 Feb. 2015.


"Animal Research is Unethical and Scientifically Unnecessary." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, Web. 2013. 10 Feb. 2015.

Created By: Matthew Proefke