The Discovery That Will Change The Way We Look At Energy.
Written By: Austin Carpenter
Nuclear Fusion | Fusion energy explained with Hydrogen atom example | Physics animation video
What date was this discovery made and who made it?
This discovery was made on May 3rd 2016 by Fusion Labs(C) in North Carolina. The lead researcher was Austin Carpenter. On this day the scientists at Fusion Labs(C) were experimenting with atoms of hydrogen and helium. The idea was that if these atoms received enough energy that they can fuse creating an immense amount of energy that can possibly used to produce electricity (since it works so well with the sun). The discovery found out that fuels on Earth are capable of nuclear fusion that could potentially produce electricity for lots of people. Experimentation with nuclear reactors has led scientists in Fusion Labs(C) to create an experimental reactor capable of simulating conditions on the surface of the sun.
What's the difference between nuclear fusion and nuclear fission?
Nuclear Fusion occurs naturally in stars while nuclear fission is only unnatural. Another difference is that Nuclear Fusion requires and produces more energy than nuclear fission, that's why it is so hard to recreate artificially. Probably the most pressing differences is that one combines two atmos while another splits the atom. The other major difference is that they use different fuels used to perform the reaction.
What are some similarities between nuclear fission and fusion?
Nuclear Fission and fusion both involve reactions on the subatomic level that releases chemical energy that is stored in the bonds between atoms or the energy released when two atoms bond. Another similarity is that they both release a significant amount of energy that can be hard to contain (they both contain high amounts of radiation that can be harmful).
How does nuclear fusion work?
Nuclear Fusion in the sun starts out as two hydrogen atoms that are under immense heat and pressure. As these hydrogen atoms are pressurized together they begin to "melt" together or fuse. As this happens nuclear energy is released in immense amounts as the bonds of the atoms change. This powers the sun to burn brightly as it gives off electromagnetic radiation.
How safe is nuclear fusion?
Even though our awesome scientists have made this breakthrough nuclear fusion still needs to be approached with extreme caution. Unstable isotopes used in the production of nuclear fusion can often lead to the release of unexpected nuclear energy, meaning that anyone near it can be burned or face radiation poisoning. Our special fusion lab reactors are built to stand up to the nuclear energy release but reactors that are not may face a meltdown if they attempt to replicate our methods (leading to meltdowns or a catastrophic continental explosion, it's that powerful). Anyone within a 10 mile range of a nuclear plant undergoing nuclear fusion energy production should have the proper protection from the harmful radiation that could potentially be released. Eye protection is also very important because ultraviolet radiation may also be produced as a result of nuclear fusion.
The Future of Nuclear Fusion
The energy market will be revolutionized by this extraordinary discovery. The cost of energy would go down while the production of energy went up, because of the immense production of energy caused by nuclear fusion. This innovation will also lead to the finding of new discoveries as countries begin to focus on exploration rather than the production of energy. We are currently running low on the energy sources that we have used for years, but now we could potentially eliminate the need for old pollution-prone energy sources. As the energy availability goes up the Gross Domestic Product of countries will also go up as people begin creating goods in higher numbers.