Prenatal Cocaine Exposure

Impacts on Language Development

Neurologic Impacts of Cocaine

How Does Cocaine Affect The Brain? - How Drugs Work, Cocaine, Preview - BBC Three


Physical: reduced head circumference; decreased birth weight; decreased birth length

Neurological: teratogenic effects (impacts on embryonic development)

Behavioral: impaired self-regulation; difficult to soothe

Language: Impaired Expressive Language; Impaired Pragmatic Language

Contributing Factors:

  • Poverty
  • Poly-drug use
  • Exposure to abuse
  • Foster/adoptive care
  • Neglect;


  1. 5.4% of Pregnant Women Abuse Controlled Substances
  2. over 600,000 individuals over the age of 12 tried cocaine in 2013
  3. Poverty is closely linked to substance abuse
  • 1 in 4 children is born into poverty


Example of Milieu Teaching

CIEP 501


  1. Early Intervention
  2. Advocate for:
  • Early Identification
  • Quality Drug Prevention Education
Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Prevention


BBC. (2011). How does cocaine affect the brain? [video]. Retrieved from https://
Language Intervention Laboratory. (2014). Milieu teaching [photograph] Retrieved from
Ng, K. (2014). Milieu Teaching [video]. Retrieved from
Positive Parenting. (2014). Mother son talking [photograph] Retrieved from
Roberts, S. (2014). Prevention [video] Retrieved from https://
www./ SiympxA
Saving Dinner. (2014). Family eating [photograph]. Retrieved from
Sober Nation. (2013). Baby crying [photograph] Retrieved from
Speech Buddy. (2012). Social stories [image]. Retrieved from
Washington Learning Systems. (2010). Dialogic reading
[photograph]. Retrieved from
Woolton Hill Preschool. (2004). Structured play [photograph] Retrieved from