Prenatal Cocaine Exposure

Impacts on Language Development

Neurologic Impacts of Cocaine

How Does Cocaine Affect The Brain? - How Drugs Work, Cocaine, Preview - BBC Three

Characteristics:

Physical: reduced head circumference; decreased birth weight; decreased birth length

Neurological: teratogenic effects (impacts on embryonic development)

Behavioral: impaired self-regulation; difficult to soothe

Language: Impaired Expressive Language; Impaired Pragmatic Language

Contributing Factors:

  • Poverty
  • Poly-drug use
  • Exposure to abuse
  • Foster/adoptive care
  • Neglect;

Statistics:

  1. 5.4% of Pregnant Women Abuse Controlled Substances
  2. over 600,000 individuals over the age of 12 tried cocaine in 2013
  3. Poverty is closely linked to substance abuse
  • 1 in 4 children is born into poverty

Assessments:

Example of Milieu Teaching

CIEP 501

Prevention:

  1. Early Intervention
  2. Advocate for:
  • Early Identification
  • Quality Drug Prevention Education
Prenatal Cocaine Exposure: Prevention

Resources

BBC. (2011). How does cocaine affect the brain? [video]. Retrieved from https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=4OS2C4NemJI-
Language Intervention Laboratory. (2014). Milieu teaching [photograph] Retrieved from
http://www.kumc.edu/Images/shp/research/fey-child.jpg
Ng, K. (2014). Milieu Teaching [video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com
/watch?v=yQgcBxGJKG4
Positive Parenting. (2014). Mother son talking [photograph] Retrieved from
http://www.positive-parenting-ally.com/images/self-esteem-activities-mother-on-her-
knees-explaining-to-her-toddler.jpg
Roberts, S. (2014). Prevention [video] Retrieved from https://
www./youtube.com/watch?v=evpdXW9Cxkg&list=UUw1J4oSB2DO6WMfC SiympxA
Saving Dinner. (2014). Family eating [photograph]. Retrieved from http://savingdinner.com
/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Power-of-Dinner2.jpg
Sober Nation. (2013). Baby crying [photograph] Retrieved from
http://www.sobernation.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/cocaine-babies.jpg
Speech Buddy. (2012). Social stories [image]. Retrieved from
http://www.speechbuddy.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/speech4.jpg
Washington Learning Systems. (2010). Dialogic reading
[photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.walearning.com/media/images/dialogic-reading.jpg
Woolton Hill Preschool. (2004). Structured play [photograph] Retrieved from
http://www.wooltonhillpreschool.hampshire.org.uk/images/Indoor-
20play_ceoysqym.jpg