Modern Texas

WW1, Great Depression, and WW2

WW1

Countries

Some of the few countries who helped serve in world war 1 included France, Great Britain, and russia, who joined together to fight forces such as Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman empire. The U.S remained neutral until Arthur Zimmermann, sent a coded telegram to Mexico’s president Carranza asking him to side with Germany if war broke out between Germany and the United States. It also promised to help Mexico reconquer territories it has lost in the U.S.-Mexican War, including Texas. So, in April, 1917 President wilson asked congress to declare war on germany and that's just what happened.

Key People Involved

  • President Woodrow Wilson- The president during World War 1 who helped lead America through the dark times of the war as well as craft the Versailles Treaty's "Fourteen Points," the last of which was creating a League of Nations to ensure world peace.
  • Vladimir Lenin- Lenin was smuggled into Russia where he successfully led the Russian revolution and accepted a harsh peace treaty with Germany in return for leaving the conflict.

Big image
Big image

Questions

What caused the U.S. to enter WWI?- In January of 1917, British cryptographers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German cause. This message helped draw the United States into the war.

How did Texas play an important role during the war?- Texans saw service in the armed forces during the course of the war

How did WWI end?- Germany had surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.

Great Depression

Herbert Hoover and The Great Depression

Hoover failed to recognize the severity of the situation or leverage the power of the federal government to squarely address it. President Hoover believed that too much intervention on the part of the federal government during the Depression would destroy American individuality and self-reliance and that public-private cooperation was the way to achieve high long-term growth.
Big image
Big image

Questions

How did FDR, (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) pull the country out of depression? - He established soup kitchens as well as create the National Resources Planning Board (NRPB) in 1939 and urged it during the war to plan for peacetime.

What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?- severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion and greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies

Which New Deal programs were important to Texas? - AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ADMINISTRATION, CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS, and the NATIONAL YOUTH ADMINISTRATION.

How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?- The first major New Deal initiative aimed to help farmers attempted to raise farm prices to a level equitable to the years 1909-14. Mines were closed or abandoned and coal miners became one of the most vulnerable occupational groups in the country during the early years of the Depression

WW2

Countries

Some of the countries who were involved in the war included Germany, Italy, and Japan who were the axis powers and on the other hand we had Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America.

Key People Involved

  • Adolf Hitler- the dictatorial leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi Party, commanding German forces throughout World War II
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt- Roosevelt held the presidency from 1934-1945, leading the United States through the Great Depression and World War II.
Big image
Big image

Questions

  • How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War II?- Texans responded to the call for troops in great numbers. After four long years of war, Texas had supplied a greater percentage of men and women to the armed forces than any other state with more than 700,000 in uniform.

  • How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War II?- On the home front during World War II Texans sacrificed whatever was necessary to support "our boys overseas."

  • How did WWII end?- The U.S dropped two different bombs on the cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima.

THE END