Middle Ages Smores

What happened in the Middle Ages

Map of Europe

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Monarchs

The Kings and Queens of England in the Middle Ages included Richard the Lionheart and the great Plantagenet English Kings from King Henry II (1154-1189) to King Edward III (1327-1377). The Hundred Years War between England and France. The Medieval Kings and Queens of the Royal Houses of Lancaster and York and the Wars of the Roses. The English Kings in the Middle Ages cover the periods from 1066 - 1485

Some other Kings were Charlemagne, and William the Conquer. Even though they were Kings. They did not have the most power the Pope had the most power in the Middle Ages. Pope Gregory VII proved this by excommunicating King Henry IV.

Black Death

The Black Death is thought to have originated in the arid plains of central Asia, where it then travelled along the Silk Road, reaching the Crimea by 1343. From there, it was most likely carried by Oriental rat fleas living on the black rats that were regular passengers on. Spreading throughout the Mediterranean and Europe, the Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60% of Europe's total population. In total, the plague reduced the world population from an estimated 450 million down to 350–375 million in the 14th century.

Fudualism

For safety and for defense, people in the Middle Ages formed small communities around a central lord or master. Most people lived on a manor, which consisted of the castle, the church, the village, and the surrounding farm land. These manors were isolated.

The Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns during the time of Medival Europe against the Muslims of the Middle East. In 1076, the Muslims had captured Jerusalem- the most holy of holy places for Christians. Jesus had been born in nearby Bethlehem and Jesus had spent most of his life in Jerusalem. He was crucified on Calvary Hill, also in Jerusalem. There was no more important place on Earth than Jerusalem for a true Christian which is why Christians called Jerusalem the "City of God".

Growth of cities

The Crusades was one of the main reason for growth in cities. When the peasants went to new lands they were fascinated by all the wonderful animals and things. This lead to people moving to different areas of Europe. Since so many people left the manor their was a high demand for serfs. This resulted in serfs getting paid to run the manor. This growth of cities sparked the Renaissance.

Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Inquisition was an attempt to purify Spain. The Inquisition was the expelling of Hertics these people go against the Catholic Church. The Inquistion was issued by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. They would not kill the Hertics they would torture them then force them to leave. The reason they tortured them was the Spanish wanted to know were other Hertics were.