Tennis

By Nauteeca and Hunter D

Definition of Tennis

Tennis is a game in which two or four players strike a ball with rackets over a net stretched across a court. The usual form is played with a felt-covered hollow rubber ball on a grass, clay, or artificial surface.
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Rules & Scoring

Rules

The game starts with a coin toss to determine which player must serve first and which side they want to serve from. The server must then serve each point from alternative sides on the base line. Once a serve has been made the amount of shots between the players can be unlimited. The point is won by hitting the ball so the opponent fails to return it in the scoring areas. You need 4 points to win a game. To win the set a player must win 6 games by 2 or more. If a player touches the net, distracts his opponent or impedes in anyway then they automatically lose the point. A player loses a point if they fail to return the ball in either the correct areas on the court, hits the net and doesn’t go into opponent’s area or fails to return the ball before it bounces twice in their half.

Scoring

A standard game is scored as follows with the server’s score being called first: No point - “Love” First point - “15” Second point - “30” Third point - “40” Fourth point - “Game”,

except that if each player/team has won three points, the score is “Deuce”.

Important terms

Ace- A serve which lands in the opponent's court without being touched, or is touched, but unable to be kept in play by one or more receiving team players.

ground stroke- in tennis is a forehand or backhand shot that is executed after the ball bounces once on the court. It is usually hit from the back of the tennis court, around the baseline.

Volley- a shot in which the ball is struck before it bounces on the ground. Generally a player hits a volley while standing near the net, although it can be executed farther back, in the middle of the tennis court or even near the baseline.

Double fault- If the ball lands outside the service box or does not clear the net or the net post, it is a 'fault'. If any part of the ball touches the line, the ball is in. After one fault the server may try again. If both tries result in faults, a 'double fault' is called and the opponent wins the point.

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Singles Vs Doubles

Single involves two players competing against each other, usually two men or two women, although games between a man and a woman may be played on an informal basis or as exhibitions.

Doubles is played by two players of two teams each, most often all-male or all-female. It utilizes a wider court than singles matches: it includes the area in the alley whereas singles does not. The two players on the receiving side change positions after each point played, and courts gets wider by 9ft.

The Basics On How To Serve A Tennis Ball Video

History

Tennis started between 1859 and 1865. In 1872, along with two local doctors, they founded the world's first tennis club in Leamington Spa. In December 1873, British army officer Major Walter Clopton Wingfield designed the court and started the first rules. Became popular in France, it became an Olympic sport.
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