Gettysburg Battle

By: Grace Makowski Taylor Powell Skylar Coleman

Civil War Battles: Gettysburg Battle

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought from July 1, 1863 to July 3, 1863 in the town of Gettysburg. Robert E. Lee lead the Confederate forces, and George Mead lead the Union forces in this battle. President Lincoln was president at the time of this war.

Which campaign was a part of this battle?

The Gettysburg Campaign.

Who attacked first?

The confederate troops attacked first. The confederate troops out numbered the union troops, which caused the union troops to retreat through the town of Gettysburg to the south side of the town. General Lee wanted is troops to finish off the union troops, but the confederate troops delayed and gave the union time to form a good army.
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General Robert E. Lee lead the Confederate forces in the Battle of Gettysburg.

What was the objective of the Battle of Gettysburg?

General Lee's objective was to draw armies away from northern Virginia and to the North. This is because wars kept breaking out in northern Virginia, and there was not a lot of war going on in the North.

What was the significance of the Battle of Gettysburg?

The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. Also this battle was the turning point for the war, because the plane General E. Lee had to end the war had failed. The Battle of Gettysburg was enormous; a total of 170,000 confederate and union soldiers came together in a town that normally held 2,400 people.

Effects for both sides after the Battle of Gettysburg

The South would greatly suffer from the loss between 23,000 and 28,000. But, the North could cope with their loses because of its vast population. The Confederate retreated back to Virginia and would not set foot on Union soil again.
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President Abraham Lincoln was president at time of the Battle of Gettysburg

start and ending of the battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863- Around 7:00 the first shots were fired by the Confederate forces 3 miles northwest of Gettysburg.

July 3, 1863- afternoon the war came to an end and the Union won.

Total casualties from the Union and Confederate forces

Union- 22,815 Confederate- 22,700 Total- 45,515

Eye Witness!!

"I went over the battlefield before the men were buried and they lay awful thick, I can assure you. I have been over other fields but never one like this. In one place I counted 16 in a spot no larger than your kitchen. It was a hard sight. They had turned black and swollen to twice their natural size." John H. Burrill's letter to his fiancée about how awful the battle was
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General George Meade lead the Union forces in the Battle of Gettysburg.

Why was the Gettysburg fought?

The battle was fought because General Lee was having troops cross the Potomac river and began to march towards Susquehanna river in Pennsylvania in hopes to erode the Union's will to continue fighting.