Judicial Branch

Judicial Branch Responsibilities

The judicial branch is responsible for administering the laws of the state and resolving legal conflicts. Which includes the court system, comprising of family and juvenile courts, the clerk of the court, district courts, district attorneys, the sheriff's office, coroners, circuit courts, courts of appeal, and the Louisiana supreme court.

Supreme Court Judges

A supreme court judge a court of appeal, district court, family court, parish court, or court having solely juvenile jurisdiction should have established legal residence in the respective district, circuit, or parish for one year preceding election. A judge should also have practiced law in the state for a number of years.

Supreme Court

Qualification:

The constitution doesn't say a specific age, education, profession or natural born citizenship. However all justices have been trained in the law.

Powers:

The supreme court has general supervisory jurisdiction over all other courts. The supreme Court has sole authority to appoint attorneys as temporary or ad hoc judges of city, municipal, traffic, parish, juvenile, or family courts.

Elections:

The president nominates someone for the court and the senate votes to confirm the nominee .

Court of Appeal

Qualification:

They need to be at least 35 years old actually have practiced law for at least 6 years and they must live in the state they are appointed to.

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District Court

The state is divided into 40 judicial districts each is composed of at least one parish and served by at least one district judge. Each district elects a chief judge.
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District Attorney

In the judicial district a district attorney serves a six-year-term. A district attorney must practice the law for five years before him or her election. The district attorneys works on criminal cases within their districts and are legal advisors to the grand jury.

Clerk of Court

A clerk of court is elected every four years and there responsibilities are keeping records of all legal proceedings. "Clerks of court administer notarizations, mortgages, and other legal processes not requiring trial before a court. As well the Clerk of Court's office processes legal documentation preceding and following trial. "

Justice of the Peace and Constables

The Justice of the Peace and Constables are elected for six year terms. As the judicial authority of the district they can perform marriage ceremonies have jurisdiction in civil matters when the amount in dispute is not more than $5,000 and do not have power when a title to real estate is involved.

Sheriffs, Grand Juries, Coroner

Sheriff: In each parish the sheriff is elected for a four year term

Grand Jury: There are only one or more grand juries in each parish.

Coroner: In each parish the coroner is elected for a four year term.