Machu Picchu

By Lynton Louis and Jackson Douglass

Location

Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan temple which was used for many common interests of the time period such as religion and farm work. Placed at the top of steep mountains around 610 metres above the surrounding baron valley it offered a great vantage point for seeing potential enemies literally miles away it proved quite difficult for anyone to get in or out of the fortress as there were no clear paths to reach the ancient Incan city. In addition to the natural protection of the mountains it also had a fast flowing river coursing throughout the valley bellow known as the, Urubamba River. This water source was mailnly used as a source of fresh water and an area to clean. The river was not very wide but traveled down the valley at a great speed flushing fallen trees and other debrie as well as enemies with it.

Construction

Machu Picchu was built in modern day Peru, South America around the mid 15th century and was abonded almost century later when the spanish conquest broke out arcross the land ultimetliey causing the end of the long standing civilistaian of the Incans. It was built using stero typical Incan materials and techniques. One of the most incredible construcnial advancement of the Incan time period is the way they build there temples, rather than using a modern day mortar the Incans developed a much more complex method which required the bricks to be perfectly cut to size so they fitted together like a jigsaw. The cracks that are left in between these near perfect cuts are not even bif enough to fit the blade of a knife through. It is unlikely that the Spanish conquest paid little if not any attention to this ancient estate. Every other Incan city and village the Spanish went to was either destroyed or conquered and forced into essential slavery.

Today

Today the Incan temple is a popular tourist attraction to get there you can ever take a scenic 6 day hike and follow in the foot steps of the Incans of the 15th century or you could take the equally scenic four hour train trip. Besides being a popular tourist attraction it is also accumalted a UNESCO World Heritage Site listing. Some of the refurbishments and on going renovations that are undertaken at the site include strucal inforcing of ancient walls, display section for ancient artifacts of Incan society and professional tour trips 7 days a week.

Incan culture

Incan culture is like no other, it followed the belief that everyone was equal and that everyone had a job. The government had overwhelming influence over the Incan society. They feed, clothed and employed their loyal subjects. Everyone in the nation would have a job that was beneficial to the nation as a whole. Jobs ranged from farmers to soldiers.

Other Places To Visit

Moray

This is an Incan agricultural laboratory that was likely used to cultivate resistant and varieties of plants high in the Andes. The site contains several circular levels, that could be used to study the effects of different temperatures on crops as the lower the level is the lower the temperature.

Winay Wayna

The Inca site of Winay Wayna was built on a hillside overlooking the Urubamba River. It is speculated that it may have served as a rest stop for weary travelers on their way to the famous Machu Picchu. This complex consists of multiple levels connected by staircases
The Inca Empire ★ Documentary HQ