Constitutional Period

Kendra Moore

Articles of Confederation

Were adopted by the Continental Congress on November 15, 1777. This document served as the United States' first constitution, and was in force from March 1, 1781, until 1789 when the present day Constitution went into effect. Provided for a weak national government. gave each state one vote of size. Provided for no executive or judicial branch.

3 branches of government

Legislative (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial (Supreme Court and lower Courts) and Executive branch.

Legislative- writes the law

Executive- enforces the laws

Judicial- interprets the laws

Virginia Plan

- Favored large states

- developed the 3 branches of government

- 2 house legislature based on population

- Was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch

- proposed a strong central government

Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights is the 1st 10 amendments of the United States Constitution. The Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power. Written by James Madison in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties.


-Sees government as a (strong central government). Checks and balances: political factions would check each other, thereby preventing any one faction from gaining too much power. They were supporters of the constitution. They did not want the Bill of Rights. They wanted to limit the governments power.


Opponents of the Constitution. They tried to get the constitution ratified which was not an easy process. Feared an overly powerful central government. Wanted Richmond to have more power than Washington D.C. Wanted the Bill of Rights. They would not agree to the Constitution without a Bill of Rights.