Elementary Age Development
Physical, Cognitive, Moral, Psychosocial, And Language
Children experience significant changes with their body in this stage . They gain more muscle control and are very active. They also become more rhythmic and fine motor skills are enhanced. At the end of elementary school, they have developed nearly adult-level coordination. Height and weight vary but girls tend to develop fore quickly than boys.
Children often change the way they think in this stage. Those old mind tricks might not work like they used to. They can no longer be tricked if they see something literally. Typically, the child is able to perform simple addition and subtraction, and he or she usually begins to read and write sentences. Depending on the age will determine levels of skill. They are able to think of themselves in more sophisticated ways . Unfortunately, they still make immature decisions but problem solving increases .
Children are very easy to bribe into good behavior. They understand the rules and know the consequences if they break them. They strive to possess appropriate behavior and make moral decisions based on reward or punishment. Fear is often the motivation to avoid punishment.
This age group falls into stage 4 of Erikson's theory. They child is accuring so much knowledge and learning so many new things. A child will either feel motivated as he or she learns to perform basic task or feel inferior when placed in special groups or making poor grades.
Language is the primary method of conveying knowledge . This is where elementary students find the difference between what they can do on their own and with help . Interaction is vital with both adults and students because they cannot learn on their own. Children should be able to say and write complex sentences along with a broadened vocabulary .