The Battle of lake trasimene

June 24, 217 B.C.

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Hannibal

Led the Carthaginian forces during the 2nd Punic War. Crosses the alps and raided throughout Italy. Laid the trap and destroyed the roman forces at Lake Trasimene. Often hailed as one of the greatest generals the world has ever seen.
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During the battle

As the Romans marched after Hannibal, he set a trap along the shore of the lake and ambushed the Romans. The heavy infantry blocked the march west, and the Calvary swung around to block the road east. The remaining forces sprung from the hills and surrounded the Romans on 3 sides, with the fourth being the lake. Out of a force of 30,000, 15,000 Romans died that day and only 10,000 were able to return to the Roman army.

The Aftermath

This was a terrible defeat to the Romans, which led to an extreme change of strategy. When word of this defeat had reached Rome, Quintus Fabius Maximius was appointed dictator. Fabius led a guerrilla war, using what is now known as a Fabian strategy. He avoided direct combat with Hannibal. This strategy was adopted by George Washington, and many other rebel groups. Allowed the 2nd Punic War to continue, and served as an embarrassment for Rome.

Fabius

Appointed dictator of Rome after This battle. Effectively used what is now called a Fabian strategy. Later removed from command by the senate, and replaced. His replacements immediately lost terribly in the battle of Cannae. After this defeat, he was reappointed as dictator. The tactics he employed have often been copied.

Works Cited

"Battle of Lake Trasimene: Hannibal's Carthaginians Ambush, Defeat Romans." The American Legion's Burnpit. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

Hickman, Kennedy. "Fabian Strategy: Wearing Down the Enemy."About.com Education. N.p. n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.

"Lake Trasimene (217 BCE)." - Livius. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2016