Biography of Clara Barton

Raynen Taylor

Who was Clara Barton?

Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton was a pioneer nurse who founded the American Red Cross. In addition to being a hospital nurse, she worked as a teacher, patent clerk, and humanitarian.

What is the Red Cross?

The American Red Cross, also known as the American National Red Cross, is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief and education inside the United States.

Clara Barton and the Red Cross

More Information

Early Life

Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts. She was the youngest of 5 children. Family members tutored Clara from the ages of one to four. Her father, who had once been a captain in the war, taught Clara all about geography and about the battlefield. This helped her in her work later in life. Clara's mother also helped, in teaching her how to sew and to cook. Sally and Dorothy, her two sisters, taught Clara how to read. Stephen, her older brother, taught her arithmetic and David, the eldest, taught everything else.