All About Alzheimer's Disease

"'Things you CAN't forget"

What is AD?

AD is an irreversible disorder that slowly takes away memory and thinking skills, even sometimes leaving people with this disease not knowing how to do the most simplest skills like eating. The disease is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer. He discovered the disease in early 1900’s (1906 to be exact). Dr. Alois noticed a change in brain tissue after a woman had died of memory loss, language problems, and unpredictable behavior. The doctor had found clumps in the brain that are now called amyloid plaques along with tangled bundles of fibers. The plaques tangled in the brain are still are a factor of alzheimer's disease.

Some of the symptoms include -

  • One of the most common symptoms of AD is forgetting things you just learned. For example someone with AD might ask how your day was and you respond with “good.” Let’s say a minute passes by, and the person ask how you day was.That's a symptom/sign of alzheimer’s disease.

  • Some people with early AD might notice they have difficulties solving problems and working with numbers.

  • Another symptom happens to be confusion of where a place is or how they got there.

  • Another symptom would be trying to understand visual objects or having troubles reading.

  • AD can also affect the way you are with words. People with AD might find themselves having trouble joining a conversation. They may have troubles with vocabulary and might even stop mid sentence because they don’t know how to carry on a conversation.

  • People with AD will also place things in strange places and forget where they put it. They also might have trouble retracing their steps.

If you have any of these symptoms often then it might be best to seek medical help, as you can slow down early alzheimer's. Also don’t worry if you do get these but are under the age of 50. Most people have alzheimer's get it around their 60’s.

Is there a cure? Maybe Medicine to help?

There is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, however there is medicine to help slow down the process. The usa FDA approved two types of medications to help with the symptoms of alzheimer’s disease. the two types of medicines are cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine. These two medicines help with memory loss, confusion etc. Although these medicines do NOT cure Alzheimer's Disease, it can help with some of the on going symptoms, caused from Alzheimer's.

The early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the 6th most leading cause of death in the United States. AD is broken up into 7 different stages The earliest stage includes the symptoms of-

  • Difficulties coming up with the right word to say.

  • Problems remembering someone’s name.

  • More difficulties performing social task and/or work setting

  • Forgetting things they have just read

  • More trouble planning/organizing events

  • Misplacing a valuable item

The Mid Stages Of Alzheimer's Disease

The Mid stage of AD includes the symptoms of-

  • Forgetting about one’s personal history

  • Being very moody (especially in social situations)

  • unable to speak/remember address, old school’s or phone number

  • Being unable to know what day it is

  • Needing help on what to wear for the seasons

  • Having difficulties controlling bladder

  • more of a risk of becoming lost

  • sleep pattern changes

  • personality changes/Mood swings

The Later Stages Of Alzheimer's Disease

  • Needing full time assistance
  • losing awareness of new/recent experiences

  • losing awareness of surroundings

  • needing help of activities and personal care

  • changes in physical activities (eventually swallowing food,saliva etc)

  • more difficult to communicate

  • being vulnerable to infections. A common one would be pneumonia