South Carolina

Cash Crops of The Carolinas

Barbados history of South Carolina...

Many of the early Carolina settlers had substantial experience with African slavery in Barbados. Barbados is a small Caribbean island that settled in 1627 and became a huge source of the world's sugar in a decade. Caribbean slavery was imported into the Carolinas the slave code were the harshest in North America. There were laws and points of view separated whites from blacks. The sugar plantations made large profits from labor of African slaves. By 1690, the Carolinas developed a cash crop of rice and the demand for slaves rose. By 1720, Africans were more than 70 percent of the Carolina population.

From Charles Town to Charleston...

Our history here in what was once known as Charles Town and later named Charleston started in 1670 when the first settlers arrived. Our state resembled topical islands, have great soil, and our growing season lasts up to 295 days a year. Before the Europeans arrived the land was inhabited by mission Indians. Once the arrival of the Europeans happened, there was competition with the Indians to trade with them but the Europeans had a hard time dominating the trade. Between the Indians, Europeans and English colonists, all of them tried to compete with the trade market. The Westos Indians pushed their way ahead of other tribes by offering Carolina traders something that was more valuable than deerskins, Indian slaves. Until 1690, slaves were the most valuable thing our state produced. Between 1670 and 1715, there were a total of 25,000 Indians whom were enslaved. There were many killed and the slave trade increased the level of violence amongst the Native Americans. The Yamasee War in 1715-1716 was when violence turned against the Carolinians because they cheated the Yamasees our of land and enslaved their children and women. In return, the Yamasees and their allies attacked and killed 400 white South Carolinians, demolished the Indian slave trade, and revealed the sensitivity of South Carolina.


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