Industrial Age

Kayla Kuschel

Henry Bessemer

Who: He was an English engineer, inventor, and businessman. His name is Cheifly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture so steel.

When: He was born January 19, 1813, Charlton, United Kingdom.

What: He invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively, essential to the development of sckscrapers. An American, William Kelly, had held a patent for "A system of iron" a method of steel production known as the pneumatic process of steel making.

Why: Modern steel is made using technology based on Bessemers process for steel making on November 11, 1856. It's patent number is 16082.

Where: Bessemer first invented steel in the 1850s. The British did not have much interest in his invention, so he took his steel to France where they paid a lot more attention to the spinning project.

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Andrew Carnegie

Who: He was a Scottish-American industrialist who lend the enormous exposition of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.When: He was born in November 25,1835, Dunfermline, United Kingdom. He died in 1919, but before he died he gave away around 350 million dollars.What: Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist who amassed a futune in steel industry then became a major philanthropist. Carnegie worked in a Pittsburgh Cotten factory as a bay before rising to the posistion of division super intendant of the Pennsylvania railroad in 1859.Where: In 1847 steam-powered loomsare interduced in Dunfermline hundreds of hand loom workers are unemployed, inluding Andrew's fauther Will.Why: Carnegie sold his buisness later in life and stematically gave his collected fortune away to cultural, educational and scientific institutions for "The improvement of mankind."
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What: Sweatshop (or sweat factory) is a negativety connected term for any working enviorment considered to be unacceptably difficultor dangerous. Sweatshop workers often work long hours for low ppay, regardless of laws mandating over time pay or a minimum wage. Child labor laws may beviolated. Sweatshops may have hazrdous material and situations. Employees may be subject to employer abuse with out an easy way, if any, to protect themselves.Who: The Chinese Started the Sweatshop. A sweatshop was definedy the U.S. Department of labor as a factory that violates 2 or more labor laws. In developing countries, an estimated 250 million chlidren ages 5-14 are forced to work. According to the National Labor Committee, women sewing NBA jerserys make 24 cents per garment that will eventully sell for $140.Where: In 1881 there were only about 20 factories of any sort worldwide. By 1838, there were 106 wool mills in Leeds alone, employeeingsome 10,000 people. Symbolic of the English Industrial Revolution at its most inhumane, the unregulated work shops were litarlly deadly. A child died in 1832 after not being aloud to go to the bathroom. Dubiously immortalized by William lake as "these dark Satanic mills." The delining wool industry was supplanted in the 1850s by the new ready-maid clothing industry, which in the 1880s employed mostly Jewish immigrant. Most of them had just indended to stop and earn some cash on the wayto the United States, but ended up working in terriable conditions simply because it was better than life in Russia.Why: Cheap labor, Long hours, and low pay.
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Time zones with the railroad

When: Raildroads were create the first time zones, 1883.Why:Time zones were first used by the railroads in 1883 to scandardize their schedules. Since human beings had first begun keeping track of time, they set their clocks to the local movement of the sun. Even as late as 1880s, most towns in the U.S. had their own local time, generally based on "high noon," or the time when the sun was at its highest point in the sky.What: The time zones with the raild road is when everybody set there clocks to noon when the sun reached its highest point. There for everybody would get the same hours. There are sections of the U.S. where the times were different in each section, because of the way the sun would rise.Where: This happened in the U.S in every state, so people knew what time it was.Who: Britian was the first country to create the zime zone. Dr. William Hyde Wallaston Creaated the time zone in 1766. He was popularized by Abroham Follett Osler in 1808.
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