Black Death

Savannah Swift & Cody Spicer

What is the Plague?

The plague is a serious bacterial infection that can be deadly.Sometimes referred to as the ''Black Death'' the disease is caused by bacteria called Yersinia pestis,This bacteria is usually found on animals all around the world and transmitted to humans by fleas.

Large populations,Many rodents,And poor sanitation are more at risk to get the plague.

In medieval times the plague was responsible for killing millions of people in Europe.Today there are only 1,000 to 3,000 cases reported worldwide each year,with the highest incidence in Africa.

Types Of Plague

There are three basic types of plague.


Bubonic Plague-The most common type of plague is the bubonic plague.People usually got it from infected rodents but the rare case they could have got it is if they came in contact with a infected person. Bubonic plague infects your immune system causing inflammation.If it isn't treated quickly it will travel to the blood and cause two other plagues to become, septicemic plague, pneumonic plague.


Pneumonica Plague-This is were you get bacteria multiplied in the lungs which is the most serious disease.when a person coughs it is exposed in the air people who breathe this air can get the same the they had which can lead to an epidemic.


Septicemic Plague-This is were the bacteria multiplies in the bloodstream.When untreated bubonic and pneumonica is not treated it can lead to septicemic plague.

Septicemic Plague Symptoms

It usually starts within two to seven after being exposed but it can lead to death as soon as it appears.

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  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • nausea and vomiting
  • fever and chills
  • weakness
  • bleeding (blood may not be able to clot)
  • shock

How the Plague is Diagnosed

If your doctor suspects you have the plague they will look for bacteria in your body.To reveal the septicemic plague you have to take a blood test,bubonic your doctor will use a needle to take a sample of your fluid in your swollen areas,pneumonic plague fluid will come out of your airways by a tube that is inserted down your nose,mouth,or throat.this is called an endoscopy.