Our Future Country.
Current Trends in Candian Immigration
- Between 2001 and 2012, net migration was 2,408,175 people
- By 2011, Canada welcomed 6,775, 800 foreigners who arrived as immigrants
- It makes up 20.6% of the total Canadian population, compared with 19.8 % in the 2006 data, and 17.6% in 2011. This represents an upward increase of the immigration to Canada.
Immigrants stay in all provinces and territories, as the infograph illustrates that, 7 out of 10 newcomers (in 2011) choose to settle in Vancouver, Montreal, and Toronto. Provinces with large urban locations, such as, Ontario and British Columbia appeal to the most immigrants versus the rural areas. In addition, 40 percent of all permanent residents occupy Ontario and 1 percent chooses Nunavut, Northwest Territories, and Yukon. The rural regions of the five prairie provinces and Saskatchewan get the least immigrants. Furthermore, Atlantic Canada receives few immigrants and retention rates are fairly low. Retention rates vary from 43-68 percent in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and the Maritime provinces, and from 79-91 percent in Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, and British Columbia.
Most newcomers immigrate from Asia (79 percent) and the least from Africa (4 percent). 11 percent from Europe and 6 percent from the U.S.
Within the next 45 years, Canada's population is expected to be around 40 million. From present to future, Canada's population would have slowed because of low birth rate. The population could stick to 35 million if present low birth rate is not counterbalanced with a high rate of immigration.
Majority of immigrants may settle in less populated provinces, such as, Saskatchewan. This is because major populated cities, like, Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver may experience issues of traffic and high crime rates. The effect that immigrants will have at rural locations will be that more schools, jobs and opportunities will open for those areas to flourish.
Canada's job market will boost. Many skilled workers will be called in to occupy empty job positions and keep the economy running. Arranged or needed workers will result in a successful society.
Demography of Canada
In 2009, Canada had 120 children per hundred seniors. All the growth scenarios indicate that the number of seniors will exceed the amount of children in the near future. "This reversal would occur in 2015 for the low growth scenario and six years later in the high growth scenario" (4). By 2036, the quantity of seniors would be more than double varying between 9.9 and 10.9 million. In 2061, it would vary between 11.9 million and 15 million. There will come a time when the baby-boomer generation will die, resulting in between 58 and 75 children per hundred seniors by 2036 and between 50 and 74 by 2061.
First Nations Trend
In 2011, 851,560 people named themselves as First Nations citizens, representing 60.8% of the total Native population and 2.6% of the total Canadian population. In addition, 637,660 reported being status Indians, where as, 213,900 reported being non-status Indians.
The incomes of Canadian Aboriginal women aged 15 and over tend to be really low. The average income of women was $15,654, approximately $5000 less than non-Aboriginal women who had the average income of $20,640 the following year. The income of Aboriginal women was $3000 less than the Aboriginal men.
The average income for Native women was $14,490. For Inuit women, the income was $16,599 and Metis was $17,520. The income of Native women differs upon their area of residence. Those living on reserves had an average income of $12,466, while those living away from reserves have an income of $16,149. For Metis women in rural locations, their average income was $16,144.
By 2060, Canadian Aboriginals population shall reach between 1.7 to 2.2 million, at a growth rate quicker than the non-Aboriginal. The Metis population could extend between 500,000 to 850,000 people. In addition, the Inuit would be 73,000 to 77,000.
Within the next forty five years, larger proportions of Aboriginals are expected to move to the metropolitan areas, such as, Thunder Bay, Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, and Sudbury in greater search of a better economy and better quality of life in general.
In this smore, I have captured the main ideas that had to do with the current/future demography of Canada ,plus the Aboriginal issues in Canada. As portrayed in this smore, we can tell that the lives of citizens in 2060 will be different from now. One of it has to do with the population aging. In the future, Canada will have more seniors than children.