Federal Court System
All you need to know!
Things you should know
Federal Court Cases: If the U.S. government sues someone or someone sues the U.S. government a federal court hears the case. Federal Courts hear disputes between a foreign government and either the U.S. government or an American private party. Federal courts also hear cases regarding maritime and admiralty laws.
Federal judges serve for life terms which means they can hold office for as long as they
In a few circumstances the state and federal courts have concurrent jurisdiction and either may hear the case.
Judges rely on precedent-- model for other judge to follow in making their own decisions on similar cases.
An opinion explains the legal thinking behind the courts decision in the case.
Remand is when a case is sent back to a lower court to be tried again.
Officials within the Federal Court System
We decide whether the accused should be held in jail or released on bail. They do the judges routine work and hear preliminary evidence to determine whether the case should go to trial.
We are government lawyer who prosecutes people accused of breaking federal laws.
We make arrests, collect fines, take those convicted to prison. As well as protect jurors, keep order in court and serve subpoenas.