World War 2: The Battles

Paige Thetford

The European Front

"Fascism accepts the individual only insofar as his interest coincide with the state's"

-Benito Mussolini

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Closing The Ring

By invading through North Africa, into Italy, the United States tried to overcome the fascists powers of Mussolini and Hitler. The US attack routes included, and are were not limited to, domination through the Soviet Union, advancing through North africa into Italy, and lastly, through Great Britain to end with the infamous D-Day.

The Invasion of Normandy

June 6, 1944

With Hitler and Mussolini having been dominated in Europe, the United States prepared for one final attack to end the War. Known as D-Day, this battle took place in Normandy and lasted until the day's end. Ending with the deaths of 9,000 Allied Soldiers, the United States was able to drive into the inlands of Europe, and defeat Hitler's forces once and for all. In the words of Dwight D. Eisenhower, "we will accept nothing less than full victory".In these words, Eisenhower gave President Roosevelt the "go" to launch what would be the turning point of World War 2.

Omar Bradley, "The Soldier's General"

Omar Bradley was chosen by General Eisenhower to lead the first round of US troops into Normandy Bay on D-Day. A hand-full of his victories include leading his troops to liberate Paris, turning back aggressive Germans at The Battle of Bulge, being the first brigade over the Rhine River, and working with Soviet forces in the east to conquer Nazi Germany.
1944 vs 2014

This interactive site shows pictures taken in 1944, then the same picture taken in 2014 after you click the image.

Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's D-Day Message

The video above includes Eisenhower's address to the soldiers embarking on the D-Day invasion.

The Battle of the Bulge

16 December 1944-25 January 1945

In an attempt to sever the Allied Forces military, Hitler arranged a blitzkrieg attack from Ardennes to Antwerp -Northern Europe- where US troops were located. Hitler's attack on the US line of force from the center created a literal "bulge" in the line, hence creating the name of this month long battle. However, one main way in which the Americans prevailed was by destroying German fuel depots, devastating the Germans aerial forces. Further aiding the battle, Hero General George Patton lead the Third army into Germany and Czechoslovakia, further breaking the lines into Germany.

"Compared to war, all other forms of human endeavor shrink to insignificance"

- General George Patton

The Navajo Code Talkers

Many Native Americans joined the US army during World War 2. In effort to create an underground code which only a limited amount American soldiers could understand, these Native Indians created a war code based on their tribal dialect and became known as the "Navajo Code Talkers". Beyond the Navajo tribe, many Comanches, Hopis, and Meskwakis also create their own war codes to transmit messages such as, "we need more ammunition in (enter location)" to surrounding US depots.

The Tuskegee Airmen

Given segregation was ever so present in the United States during World War Two, many African American men were denied the right to serve in any US armed force. However, the US Army Air Corps received a substantial amount of applicants in 1940 and caught the attention of President Roosevelt himself. Pressured by black activists and the press, the USAAC accepted the applicants and created an all black air regiment, known as the Tuskegee Airmen.

THE FALL OF BERLIN

Having "closed the ring" on Hitler's forces in Berlin, Stalin and the Soviet Union had the most definite of intentions to finally dissipate the Nazi army. The battle yielded many military and civilian casualties for the Nazi's refused to surrender until the last soldier stood. On May 1st of 1945, the German Commander, Hans Krebs, approached Soviet general Chuikov with a white flag of surrender. Hitler had already committed suicide and the his Germanic Empire fell, thus ending the War.

George Marshall

Known as the one of the most respected soldiers in American history, behind George Washington, George C. Marshall was named the chief of staff when World

War Two began. He was responsible for greatly increasing the US army and received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.

The Pacific Front

"Let us pray that peace be now restored in the world, and that God will preserve it always."

-General Douglas MacArthur

The Bataan Death March

On April 9th of 1942, US troops and soldiers surrendered at the Bataan Peninsula after suffering from defeat after defeat. From their surrender, approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops were forced to march a 65 mile trail to prison camp. Over the duration of the walk, thousands of soldiers were killed by brutality and the abuse of the Japanese overseers.
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Two-Pronged Attack Strategy

In order to defeat the the Japanese in the Pacific, General George Douglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz approached the Coast with a Two-Pronged Attack. With MacArthur pushing through New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago to the liberation of the Philippines, and Nimitz taking the 'Island Hopping" approach through the Gilbert, Marshall, Caroline, and Marianas Islands, both soldiers fought up to Japan.

Island Hopping

In order to take Japan, the United states tackled the issue of the expanding Japanese empire through the liberating of one island at a time. This approach became known as "Island Hopping" and proved itself a successful attack when leading up to Japan.

Battle of Midway

June 4-7 1942

The Battle of MIdway served as a major turning point in the Pacific because it ceased Japanese expansion. This battle was won through the intercepting and decoding of Japanese messages which allowed for the Americans to destroy four Japanese carriers and 300 planes.

Iwo Jima

This infamous battle allotted for the placement of a US base in the Pacific. Though the Japanese were greatly numbered and heavily loaded, the United states still prevailed.

"Of the Marines on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

-Chester Nimitz

Okinawa

The Battle of Okinawa was the first fight in which the Japanese used kamikaze, suicide pilot attacks, on US ships. After 50,000 US and 100,000 Japanese casualties were numbered, the US succeeded in taking the island-near Japan.

The Flying Tigers

The Flying Tigers were a group of Volunteer American pilots who flew for China in the early years of the 1940s. Having preceded US entry into WWII, this organization was very controversial because these pilots fought against Japan for China while the Japanese regime was beginning to expand.