Industrial revolution was late and slow arrived likes the Basque Country, Catalonia and the large cities. Most of the population still worked with underveloped. Modern forms transport, like the railway, didnt appear until the second half of the century
Bourgeoisie became rich and also became the dominant social class Industrial Revolution brought serious social problems such as harsh working conditions child exploitattion in factories. In rural areas, peasants lived in extreme povertry, were the reason for the political demands.
Art and culture
At the beginning of the century revolutionary atmosphere
In the middle of the century, writers and painters decided to show of the industrial society
At the end of the century, painters were influenced by technological advances reflected on their work.
Generation of 98
Group of writers and intelectuals who criticised Spanish society and called for the modernisation of the country.
Several researches achived scientific advances, Ramon y Cajal received the first Nobel Prizefor Science