Spanish society in the 19th century

Economic and social transformation were bringing closer

Economy and industrialisation

The Industrial Revolution was late and slow and only arrived in places like Basque Country, Catalonia and large cities.

Most of the population still worked in the fields with underdeveloped technology, wheareas coutries like England or German used advanced machinery and were much productive.

Modern forms of transport.


The bourgesie became the dominant social class.

The industrial Revolution brought serious social problems such harsh working and even child explotayion.

Art and culture

The majorty of the population was literate.


At the begining of the century, this style reflected the revolutionary atmosphere and faraway places


In the midle of the centur, realist writers and painters decided to show the most disadvantaged aspects of the industrial society.


At the end of the century, realist writers and painters were influenced by echological advances and they reflected this on their work.

Generation of th 98

Formed by a group of writers and intelectuals who criticised Spanish socity and called for the modernisation of the country.

Scientific advances

Several researchers achieved scientific advances, for example, Ramón y Cajal received the first Nobel Prize for Science.