The United States

a profile of our country


Causes of Economic Growth

Natural Resources: There is an abundance of natural resources in the United States. Even the land itself is valuable. It is easy to grow crops on and has mostly a mild climate, increasing the productivity of farmers. Forestry provides the U.S. with an array of products including paper, medical chemicals, methanol, plastics, and maple sugar.

Technology: This is essential to economic growth on as big of a scale as the U.S.'s growth. It is closely tied to communication technology. This lets businesses work deals with others, helps workers communicate with others to work together, and helps business owners organize their workforce. Exchanging information and money are extremely easy over the internet because of newer technology.

Respect for Individual Freedoms: The political system of the U.S. is essential to its economical success and growth. It is a mixed economy, but mostly free market. This means that buyers and sellers have the right to distribute their product for their own price. This is also called capitalism, or free enterprise. This idea of freedom and opportunity is what drew immigrants to our country, furthering economic growth.

Influences on the Growth of Cities

Transportation: Transportation methods affect how the U.S, cities grow. Canals were built first to support boats. The boats also traveled on rivers like the Mississippi. These were the earliest trade routes. Railroads and highways were built next to support the next generation of transportation: cars and trains.

Economic Growth: Economic growth affects city growth. More jobs and businesses open up in cities with higher populations.

People's Needs and Wants:

Regions of the U.S.

The Northeast

This region is often called the New England region. It has developed into a major commercial center of the world. It is home to many major bays and harbors like Chesapeake Bay used to import and export goods. Its population is pretty high from the amount of immigrants that came to Ellis Island. Millions of travelers flock to the Northeast every year to see its famous, sky-scraping cities, turning the Northeast into an even more intelligent, diverse region.

The South

The South is sometimes called the "Old Confederacy." This is because in 1860, the eleven states in the southern half of the United States withdrew from the country and formed a Confederate group. Today, this region has an abundance of resources and a deep south culture unique to the U.S. The South has lots of land used to farm vegetables, tobacco, and cotton. The largest oil reserves in the nation can be found here, especially in Texas, the largest Southern state.

The Midwest

Most of the Midwest is relatively flat, and its soil is very fertile. It also receives at least 20 inches of precipitation annually. This makes it the perfect place for farms, which is why agriculture thrives in this region. This area is also called The Nation's Breadbasket because of its extremely high wheat output. Midwestern farms are among the most productive in the world.

The West

The West has a very beautiful landscape. Underneath the Rocky Mountains lie tons of different, precious minerals like gold, silver and uranium. The Gold Rush took place here, which greatly influenced the growth of population in the West. Forestry and commercial fishing are two major economic activities that are important in the West.