Dwight D. Eisenhower

By Karl Bailey

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The Election of Eisenhower

Election of 1952

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Party - Republican

Running Mate - Richard M. Nixon

Popular Vote - 33,936,234

Electoral Vote - 442


Adlai E. Stevenson

Party - Democratic

Running Mate - John J. Sparkman

Popular Vote - 27,314,992

Electoral Vote - 89

Election of 1956

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Party - Republican

Running Mate - Richard M. Nixon

Popular Vote - 35,590,472

Electoral Vote - 457


Adlai E. Stevenson


Party - Democratic

Running Mate - Estes Kefauver

Popular Vote - 26,022,752

Electoral Vote - 73

The Cold War

The Cold War


  • Cold War was a period of high tension between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
  • USSR allied with countries with Warsaw Pact, United States allied with countries through NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
  • Arms races between USA and USSR caused dangerous situations involving nuclear weapons
  • Democracy (NATO) was put up against Communism (Warsaw Pact)

Eisenhower in the Cold War


  • Eisenhower saw through end of Korean War
  • Beginning of Vietnam War
  • Beginning of the Space Race after launch of Sputnik, creation of NASA
  • Trouble in the Middle East such as the Suez Crisis
  • Beginning of troubles in Cuba with rise of Fidel Castro (shown)

Joseph McCarthy

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Joseph McCarthy's Rise


  • Senator Joseph McCarthy was a senator from Wisconsin
  • Accused many people of being communist spies
  • Fanned the flames of the Second Red Scare
  • Failed to back up claims with evidence
  • Still managed to cause Cold War hysteria to increase

Joseph McCarthy's Fall

  • McCarthy was generally tolerated by government
  • McCarthy made a major mistake by going after the army
  • Was dismissed by Congress

Desegregation in the South

Little Rock Crisis

  • Nine black students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School
  • Governor of Arkansas tries to stop them and calls in National Guard
  • Eisenhower sends in troops to ensure the students were safely escorted to classes

Brown v. Board of Education


  • Brown v. Board of Education said that segregation was by nature unconstitutional
  • Caused massive rethinking of ideas
  • Plessy v. Ferguson was shown to have been untrue

The Montgomery Bus Boycott


  • Led by Martin Luther King Jr. after arrest of Rosa Parks
  • Boycotting of bus services by blacks
  • Led to the beginning of King's fame in the civil rights movements

The Civil Rights Act of 1957

It set up a permenant civil rights commission to investigate violation of rights. It was the least aggressive bill possible in order to prevent upsetting Southerners.

Eisenhower's Republicanism Policies

The Republicanism

  • Eisenhower's balanced policy
  • Promoted conservatism
  • Desired to balance the budget and cut down military spending
  • Opposed the Native American's New Deal from the 1930s
  • Accepted and incorporated many New Deal policies

Beginning of the Vietnam War

The Trouble in Vietnam

  • Vietnam was controlled by France
  • Vietnam turns towards communism as a result of constant denial of freedom
  • French asks for aid from US in order to quell rebellion in Vietnam
  • United States gradually finds itself fighting a war in Vietnam with no easy way out

The Space Race

The Space Race

  • Launch of Sputnik I and Sputnik II by USSR started Space Race
  • Led to creation of NASA
  • Space Race led to developments in space traveling technology
  • Also led to developments in ICBMs