Agitating Allergies

Introduction

Do you sneeze, cough, have a runny nose or have itchy eyes a lot? If you do, you may have something called allergies. Allergies are when your immune system overreacts to a foreign substance. If you have allergies, you are not alone. Many people have allergies. Did you know that you are more likely to get allergies if your ancestors, or family, has them? Well, it's true. In this digital article, you will learn so much about allergies.

Chapter 1-Food Allergies

Food allergies are becoming more and more common! More than 50 million Americans have a food allergy. Food allergies usually start when you're a child or a baby, but they can start at any time. There are many foods you can be allergic to. People can be allergic to just about anything! Some of the most common foods are peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, milk, wheat, fish, and shellfish.

Allergy reactions can be mild to severe. The mild symptoms are to milk, eggs, and wheat which include stomach aches, vomiting, hives, cramps, and sometimes rashes. If some one is allergic to peanuts or tree nuts, and they eat one, a more severe reaction may occur. They could have an anaphylaxis shock, which means they could stop breathing, and their tongue could swell up. The symptoms usually start happening when you digest the food. It is important to be aware of what you eat and the ingredients in foods if you have food allergies.

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Chapter 2- Environmental Allergies

Spring is supposed to be like a new beginning, with bright flowers and trees. For about 40 million Americans, it's all about sneezing, runny noses, and itchy eyes. These people suffer from environmental allergies. There are many things in the environment you can be allergic to such as pollen, dust mites, pets/animals, mold, cigarette smoke, and cockroaches. In addition to what I mentioned above, people with environmental allergies may experience watery eyes, an itchy nose, and coughing. Environmental allergies are .....
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Chapter 3- Prevention and Treatment

A lot of people ask, "Is there a cure for allergies?" Well, the answer is no. There are a few things you can do to prevent allergies from happening. But, if you do go near, or eat, the allergen, there are a few things that can help you. First of all, you need to avoid what you're allergic to. If you're allergic to something in the environment, like pollen, then don't go out in the morning when the pollen is the highest. There is more pollen in the morning then during the day. Next, if you're allergic to a food, then read food labels carefully. Allergy information is usually on the bottom of the ingredients. You would also want to keep clean, being sure to wash your hands. If you want, you can wear a medical alert bracelet. A medical alert bracelet is a bracelet that tells others what you're allergic to.

Now, if you do go near or eat, something you are allergic to, there are a few things that can help. These are called antihistamines. Antihistamines can be taken as pills, liquid, shots, or eye drops. Benadryl, Claritin, and Zyrtec are some examples of antihistamines. If you have an anaphylaxis reaction, where you can't breath, you have to use an Epi-Pen or Avi-qu. These help you breath for about 20 minutes. Right after you use this, you have to rush right to the hospital where they will try to help you.

Fun Facts

Did you know...?

  • About 90% of children outgrow mild food allergies by age 7
  • 100s of people in the world die every year from anaphylaxis shock
  • Every 3 minutes someone goes to the ER for an allergic reaction
  • The amount of people with allergies doubled in the past 25 years
  • Hay fever is caused by pollen, not hay
  • People in 2015 are calling spring a "Pollen Tsunami"
  • Climate changes cause environmental allergies to start sooner and last longer


Conclusion

Learning about allergies is important because many people have them. If you know someone with allergies, you might want to know how to make it easier for them. I know from experience that living with allergies is tough. I have a nut allergy. I am really hoping that scientists can find a cure for allergies someday. In the meantime, scientists/researchers are still trying to find one. By raising awareness and making fundraisers, you can raise money for research to help learn and find solutions to issues related to allergies.
%$?# Allergies!

Glossary

Immune System -noun- the system that protects your body from diseases and infections

Mild -adj.- not strong in action

Severe -adj.- very bad, serious, or unpleasant

Pollen -noun- the usually yellow dust that is produced by a plant

Cure -noun- that stops a disease and makes someone healthy again

Allergen -noun- substance that causes an allergy

Resources

a. Beach, Steve. How Stuff Works-How Allergies Work. Article

b. Hersov, Kate. MediKids- Food Allergies. Website

c. Myers, Wyatt. Everyday Heath. Website

d. Nordqvist, Christian. Physician Executive MBA- What Are Allergies? What is an Allergy?. Website

e. Reader's Digest- 6 Myths and Facts about Allergies. Website

f. Tomovich, Maryann. Raise Healthy Eaters- 5 Surprising Facts About Kids and Food Allergies.Website

Leah L.

Fourth Grade Student