Gender Dysphoria

What is Gender Dysphoria?

Could you or someone you know have Gender Dysphoria?

  • Gender Dysphoria was once known as gender identity disorder.


  • According to the DSM-5, Gender Dysphoria is a condition in which there is a difference between "the individual's expressed/experienced gender and the gender others would assign him or her" (dsm5.org).


  • Gender Dysphoria is different than homosexuality.


  • "Gender Dysphoria is a mental condition but is not a mental disorder. However, it may be accompanied with severe impairment of social, occupational and other functioning." (news-medical.net)

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What are the symptoms of Gender Dysphoria?

According to a direct quote from nlm.hin.org,

Children may:

  • Be disgusted by their own genitals
  • Be rejected by their peers, feel alone
  • Believe that they will grow up to become the opposite sex
  • Say that they want to be the opposite sex

Adults may:

  • Dress like the opposite sex
  • Feel alone
  • Want to live as a person of the opposite sex
  • Wish to be rid of their own genitals

Adults and children may:

  • Cross-dress, show habits typical of the opposite sex
  • Have depression or anxiety
  • Withdraw from social interaction

The symptoms should be present for at least six months, and in children suspected of having Gender Dysphoria must be able to verbalize their dissatisfaction.

What causes Gender Dypshoria?

The direct cause of Gender Dyphoria is currently unknown (nlm.nih.gov).


Some researchers believe that, "hormones in the womb, genes, social and environmental factors (such as parenting) may be involved" (nlm.nih.gov).

What are the treatment options for individuals with Gender Dysphoria?

Some individuals may have difficulty accepting their dissatisfaction with their physical bodies, these individuals would benefit from psychological help.


For those that wish to pursue gender reassignment, hormone therapy is available; Hormone therapy is available for both male to female conversions, and female to male conversions using different treatments.

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What are some myths and misconceptions about Gender Dysphoria?

Myth: Gender Dysphoria is uncommon

  • Fact: According to livingwiththattransgender.com, "Transsexualism is much more common than people think. Male to female transsexuals (MTF) generally outnumber female to male transsexuals (FTM) by about three to one, and the statistics vary. Current estimates are about 1 in 10,000 for biological males and 1 in 30,000 for biological females. Worldwide it may be as common as 1 in 5,000 people. In a city of 100,000 inhabitants, this could include as many as 20 transsexuals, if not more!"


Myth: Transvestite and transexual individuals are one in the same

  • Fact: "The main difference between a transsexual and a transvestite is a distinct one: it is not just about cross-dressing but is instead driven by a feeling that they belong to the opposite gender role" (livingthattransgender.com).






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Where can I further research Gender Dysphoria?

All of the websites cited in this pamphlet contain helpful information about Gender Dysphoria. If you or someone you know may have this condition, research and then seek help and support.


You are not alone.


References:

Common Questions & Myths -. (n.d.). Trans Org UK. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from https://www.livingwithatransgender.com/common-questions-myths/

Gender Dysphoria. (n.d.). DSM-5. Retrieved August 4, 2012, from http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Gender%20Dysphoria%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

Gender dysphoria: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). U.S National Library of Medicine. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001527.htm

Treatment for Gender Dysphoria. (n.d.). News-Medical.net. Retrieved August 4, 2014, from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Treatment-for-Gender-Dysphoria.aspx