Germany

By: Aayush Patel, Period 6, May 5th

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Physical Map

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Physical Map

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Climate

Germany is one of the largest countries in Europe and includes diverse weather. In the north, Germany has a humid continental climate along the Northern European Plain. Northeastern Germany is very dry with little precipitation in the summer. To the central and south, Germany has a highland climate because of the elevation from the Bavarian Alps. In the north, precipitation totals to around 70 centimeters a year while areas along the Bavarian Alps has amounts up to 91 centimeters annually. Temperatures in winter usually are in the 20s and 30s Fahrenheit. In the summer, temperatures top out at a perfect 70 degrees. The best time to visit Germany is in the spring time where cold and snow can be avoided. In the summer, it rains a lot. The spring time will be in the 50s and 60s.
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Culture

The most widely spoken language in Germany is German. However, Eastern European languages such as Turkish are spoken in Germany because of historical immigration. There are many local dialects throughout Germany that are spoken to this day. The northern part of Germany is mostly Lutheran Protestant, about a third of Germany's entire population. The south, especially the region of Bavaria, has mostly Roman Catholic ties. Again, one third of the entire German population is Roman Catholic. Approximately 20% of the population is nonreligious. Christmas is a very important holiday and is associated with food and confectioneries. In fact, the Christmas tree idea was originally German. Traditionally, exclusive to areas in Germany and around are various forms of folk dances. Men and women dress in traditional clothes including fancy hats. Bavaria is especially popular with traditional culture along the mountains.
Bavarian traditional folk dance: Mühlradl

Sightseeing

There are many places to visit in the large European country of Germany. Especially in Bavaria, there are many national parks. A great example is Bohemian Forest National Park. This adventure involves hiking into Bavaria's protected forests. This beautiful nature site has more than 186 miles worth of hiking trails spread throughout the park. In the winter, there are many mountains allowing cross country and alpine skiing. Another great destination is Black Forest National Park in southern Germany in the province of Baden-Wuerttemberg. Beautiful coniferous forest is available to seen with the mountains. Visitors can experience guided tours throughout the park. Wildlife is abundant in the area and can be seen from a fair distance. Animals such as lynxes live in the forest. The charm of the area is magnificent and highly prominent. In coordination of Germany's rich history, tourism is popular for historical sites. Burg Rheinfels was a medieval fort located in central Germany. The fort served as a station for ships going through the Rhine River. Sieges by the French and Spanish in the 15 and 1600s added to the historical significance of the fort. There are many underground tunnels available for a tour and the fort serves as hotel and tourism spot.

Current Information

The current currency, which is common throughout western Europe, is the euro. One euro is equal to exactly $1.12. This means that the euro is worth more than the dollar. The government currently is a stable parliamentary democracy with the constitution written for a united Germany in 1949 but truly enforced in 1990 because of occupation of East and West Germany. The current chancellor is Angela Merkel. The chancellor of Germany is the head of government and is elected on a four year basis. Every province (Germany has 16) has its own constitution, government,and legislature. The German economy is a big one. The GDP of Germany is around 3.2 trillion (USD). Per capita it is $40,007. Germany is a world leader in manufacturing and exporting vehicles. Companies like Volkswagen, BMW, and Mercedes have main roots in Germany. Germany also exports machinery and technical equipment.
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Food

A popular salad throughout Germany is the Apple Sauerkraut Salad. It is usually served as a side dish for sausages but can be eaten by itself. The recipe has low cholesterol and is sweet and tangy.

Recipe

Dressing:

1/2 cup of vegetable oil

1/2 cup white vinegar

2 Tbs. evaporated cane juice

1 Tbs. whole grain mustard

1 Tbs. prepared horseradish

1 tsp. celery

1 tsp. salt


Salad:

1 large red skinned apple

1 red onion peeled and halved

1 25-oz jar refrigerated sauerkraut, rinsed and drained


1. To make the dressing, combine all the dressing ingredients in jar, cover it with a lid, and shake it to combine.


2. To make the salad, slice apples and onions directly into a bowl using mandolins fitted with julienne attachment. Add sauerkraut and dressing when finished. Chill at least one hour before serving for the best results.

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Transportation & Lodging

To go to the beautiful country of Germany, go from Chicago O'Hare International Airport to Munich International Airport. It will take 9 hours and 15 minutes to reach Munich. The preferred airline is Lufthansa, headquarters in Bavaria. In Munich, experience the Bavarian lifestyle and visit nearby Nuremberg and Stuttgart. The bus trip from Munich to Stuttgart is approximately 3 hours and 15 minutes long and only costs about 3.50 euros. Go along the Rhine River to visit Cologne, Bonn, and Dusseldorf. The cost will be about the same, 3.50 euros. An amazing hotel chain to stay in is Conrad Hotels. The hotels are available throughout Germany, at an affordable price and is a relaxing experience is divine. The cost per night of staying in this hotel is 87.60 euros (98 USD). Visit national parks and important historical sites throughout Germany in luxury.


Costs:

Airfare: O'Hare International-Munich International (Lufthansa) : $2,707

Bus Transportation: 7 euros (7.84 USD)

Admission and Visitation: 250 euros (280 USD)

Hotel Stay (per night): 87.60 euros (98 USD)

Itirenary

Day 1: Explore Munich and its culture


Day 2: While in Bavaria, visit Bohemian Forest National Park.


Day 3: Visit the legendary Neuschwanstein Castle close to Bohemian Forest.


Day 4: Travel up the Rhine River and visit Black Forest National Park.


Day 5: After going up the Rhine, visit the cities of Bonn, Dusseldorf, and Stuttgart.


Day 6: Just south of Bonn, visit Burg Rheinfels and tour the old castle and tunnels.


Day 7: To wrap it up, travel all the way northeast to visit the capital of Berlin.

Citations

Works Cited

"Apple Sauerkraut Salad." Vegetariantimes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2015. <http://www.vegetariantimes.com/recipe/apple-sauerkraut-salad/>.

"Burg Rheinfels." Historvius.com. Historvius, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.historvius.com/burg-rheinfels-1080/>.

"Germany." Compton's by Britannica. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000322051>.

"Germany Government." Infoplease.com. Pearson Education, n.d. Web. 1 May 2015. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/germany-government.html>.

"Germany's Top 10 Exports." Worldstopexports.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 May 2015. <http://www.worldstopexports.com/germanys-top-10-exports/2061>.

Sheehan, James. "Germany." World Book Online Reference Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://classic.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar222500&st=germany>.

"A vast, unspoilt forest wilderness – the Bavarian Forest National Park." Germany.travel. German Bundastag, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.germany.travel/en/leisure-and-recreation/natural-landscapes/national-parks/bavarian-forest-national-park.html>.