Classifying the Colonies

By: Kenna Broomfield

Jamestown

  • On the voyage to the New World in 1606-1607 40 people died: the journey to the New World was hard for the men
  • On May 24, 1607 100 colonists landed at Jamestown, along the banks of James River: this was the beginning of their new lives in Virginia
  • Settlers wasted their time looking for gold instead of hunting or farming: this resulted in the "Starving Time" because the settlers did not learn to hunt or farm which was crucial for their survival
  • Captain John Smith stepped in to help the settlers: he taught them how to survive by hunting and farming
  • The Indians and settlers did not have a good relationship: the settlers raided the Indians for supplies during the starving times
  • 1614-1622 there was peace between the Powhatans and the English: the peace was sealed by the marriage of Pocahontas and Englishman John Rolfe
  • Tobacco set Virgina back on track economically
  • Virginia became a royal colony: In 1624 James I revoked the charter of the bankrupt VA Company
  • The first Africans arrived in Jamestown in 1619
  • In the beginning of 1662 "Slave Codes" made blacks and their children property of white masters


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Massachusetts Bay

  • Puritans settled along Massachusetts Bay: Puritans formed the New England Company then later changed the name to Massachusetts Bay Company after settling here.
  • John Winthrop became the governor: his goal was to build a holy society that would be a model for all human kind
  • The Puritans were allowed to make their own laws in the meeting house at the center of each Puritan village: the men of the village met here to settle the problems of the community
  • Made the most use out of water resources: established mills for grain and lumber, developed fishing industry, used local timber for ship building, and use harbors to promote trade
  • The right to vote was limited to male church members called freemen
  • Puritans did not allow settlers religious freedom: if they did not have Christianity as their religion they were forced to leave the colony
  • The society was modeled on Biblical ideas with strict morals
  • In 1644 the democratic branch of the Legislature, or House of Representatives came into existence
  • Anne Hutchinson was banished from the colony: Governor Winthrop, and a majority of the churches deemed her sentiments heretical and seditious.
  • Those practicing the Quaker faith were killed


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Pennsylvania

  • William Penn was a wealthy Englishmen who found Pennsylvania for Quakers
  • Quakers were pacifists (non-violent), treated Indians fairly, rejected predestination
  • In 1682 Penn published a form of government by which the supreme power was in a general assembly
  • Charter of Privileges allowed fair dealings with Native Americans
  • Penn was issued a land grant by King Charles II
  • Penn established a government based on religious freedom for the Quakers
  • Ranked as a leading agricultural area: wheat and corn were the leading crops
  • Rejected rituals and oaths which attracted many people
  • The growth of Pennsylvania was the most rapid out of any of the other colonies
  • The Quakers refused to pay taxes to carry on wars


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Maryland

  • In 1632 a royal charter was granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore
  • Baltimore thought that his New World possession could serve as a refuge
  • A proprietary colony was created in 1634
  • Tobacco was the main crop
  • Baltimore allowed freedom of worship to prevent the repeat of Catholic persecution by the Protestants
  • A high number of Protestants were threatened because of the rights given to Catholics
  • Toleration Act of 1649 guaranteed toleration to all Christians
  • Economic opportunity was what appealed many Maryland colonists
  • As a result of Maryland growing tobacco low-cost labor was needed resulting in the expansion of indentured servants
  • Maryland was named after England's queen Henrietta Maria


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Georgia

  • Was founded in 1733
  • James Oglethorpe was given the charter from King George II to create the colony of Georgia
  • The last of the 13 colonies
  • Named in honor of King George II
  • Founded by James Oglethorpe
  • The main purpose for creating Georgia was a "buffer" between the Carolinas and Spanish Florida and the French Louisiana
  • Exported silk and wine
  • Slavery came about in Georgia by 1750
  • Georgia was the first to ratify the new Constitution after the Revolutionary War ended
  • A group of settlers joined Oglethorpe to find Savannah, Georgia in 1733


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