Crime and punishment

GCSE crime and punishment module - BY MEGAN BAILEY 10R

**NOTE**

This is a revision guide to the crime and punishment module for my class i am currently attending. There will be more added in the upcoming months.



______________Roman Empire______________

Crimes

Arson, mess in the street outside your home, selling bread at less than the weight promised, fighting in gangs...as well as the usual theft and murder


These will all be treated in their own way depending on how bad the crime is.


Punishments

Often harsh and violent! With no effective police force, the Romans had to use punishments such as crucifixion, amputation and whipping to act as a deterrence (making people think twice about committing crime, therefore preventing it).


Justice

If you were caught doing a crime or rebelling in the streets then you will have to do the time for your bad decisions. Here are some examples of justice you would have to face some major and minor punishments according to your crime. Some include:



  • Burning
  • Beheading
  • Hanging
  • beating
  • Fed to the animals (lions, Black panthers, Leopards, Bulls)
  • whipped/lashed



However, Romans couldn't sentence anyone to death unless found guilty of treason. Strict punishment was generally only enforced on the criminals of lower class. Slaves costed money so their punishments didn't impose lasting damage.


For crimes like burglary, citizens were expected to catch the criminal and bring him to a judge; they would then decide on the case. For more serious crimes, a jury would decide guilt. Under any Roman law, any citizen could bring a case to court.