Hitler's Rise to Power 1914-1934

By: Akhil, Ken, and Raghuram

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1914-1918- Germany lost WW1

World War I lasted from 1914 to 1918, and left Europe in devastation from the deaths of tens of millions of soldiers and left buildings and architecture in catastrophic shape. German propaganda was not prepared for defeat, and only worsened the already injured German pride.


Before the holocaust, Jews lived in Europe for centuries. Jews were a diverse religious group when it came to politics, culture, and even their national identity. 9 million Jews lived in Europe after the war, which numbered to less than 2 percent of the European population. There were 500,000 German Jews at that time, which was one percent of the German population.


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1919- The Treaty of Versailles is signed

The Treaty of Versailles was an agreement between Germany and the Allies. Two representatives on the behalf of Germany signed the Versailles Treaty in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles near Paris, France. The Treaty of Versailles said that Germany was responsible for WW1. Germany didn’t agree at first, but eventually they signed it because they were losing.



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1926 – Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) officially formed

Hitlerjugend became Hitler Youth on July 4, 1926. The youth wore uniforms , attended meetings, and participated in rallies.German youth could join the Hitler Youth group starting from the age of 10. There were 2 sections inside of this group. The first section was for youth who were 10-14. The other group was for youth who were 14-18. This group instilled Nazi values in the children. It also prepared children to join the military.



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1929- Hitler Youth declared official youth group of the Nazi Party

1929 – Hitler Youth declared official youth


1929 - The Great Depression begins, and the existing government at this time, the “Great Coalition” government collapsed while arguing about the rising cost of unemployment benefits.


1929 - Paul von Hindenburg, the current president, created a new government made up of chancellor and cabinet ministers, to rule by emergency decrees.


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1929-1932 - Germany continues to struggle

Heinrich Brüning was chosen as the first chancellor by Hindenburg under the Weimar democracy. Though, Heinrich was not able to unify the government, and on September 30, 1930 new elections were made, and the Nazi Party won 18.3% of the vote to make it the second largest group in the Reichstag.


1929-1932 - Unemployment doubles from 3 million to 6 million.


1932 – Hitler Youth membership totals 99,586


Hindenburg’s term as president was coming to an end in the spring of 1932. He was 84 years old, but knew that if he didn’t run for president again, then Hitler would win the election. Hindenburg won the election, but Hitler received 37% of the votes.


Germany remains on the brink of collapse.



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1933-1934- Start of Hitler Political Time

1933- January 30: Adolf Hitler is appointed chancellor.


1933 - March 22: Dachau, the first concentration camp is established.


1933 - April 1: Boycotts against the Jews begin.


1934 - August 2: Hitler proclaims himself leader and Reich chancellor.


1934 - August 2: Paul von Hindenburg dies.




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What major events in history occurred during this time period?

WW1 was one of the main triggers of the Holocaust. Germany's loss led to an injured German pride. The Treaty of Versailles worsened this feeling, as they had been blamed for the war. From there, Hitler rose to popularity. In 1926, Hitlerjugend was formed, a youth group that encouraged Nazi ideas, and this helped spur Hitler's rise to power. In 1929, Hitlerjugend became the official youth group of Germany. At that time, Paul Von Hindenburg decided that the government should be made up of chancellors and cabinet ministers. Near the end of his term in 1932, he decided that he should enter the election for president despite his old age, because he knew that if he didn't run, then Hitler would become president, and Hindenburg feared this. Hindenburg won, but Hitler became chancellor.


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What effect did these events have on the rest of the world?

While the world was standing by, without thinking about Hitler, he was rising to power, and eventually creating another world war.



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Who or what made these events successful?

Germany's loss in WW1 helped to create Hitler's rise in power, as the people of Germany were hurt by the loss. This helped Hitler rise to power as he blamed people for their loss, and lifted people's spirit by talking about revenge.


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Who were the victims, perpetrators, and bystanders in each of these events?

When talking about WW1, the Germans are the victims. When Hitler rises to power, the Jews and Gypsies are the victim of these events, even though they do not know it. This is because as they are standing quietly, Hitler is rising to power, and planning their demise. Those who would not be effected by Hitler, and do not take action on this matter are the bystanders. The perpetrators are those who support Hitler and Hitler himself.


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Who, if anyone, tried to resist or rescue others from the atrocities that were occurring during this period of time?

During this time, there was no significant bloodshed, except for World War 1. But, when speaking of Hitler's rise, no one came to stop or question him, and in that sense, no one stood up against Hitler's beliefs except fro Hindenburg.


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What can we, as a society, learn from these events now that they have occurred?

We can learn that we should not judge from our emotions, as in we should not blame others or let our emotions interfere with important decisions such as voting. We can see that Germans let their emotions get in the way of their decision-making, as they decided that they wanted revenge, and that Hitler was the best choice, without thinking logically about the situation.


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Bibliography


"Hitlers Rise to Power." YouTube. YouTube, 04 June 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2013


"Holocaust Timeline: The Rise of the Nazi Party." Holocaust Timeline: The Rise of the Nazi Party. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.

Unit One: Before the Holocaust


"Nazi Germany - Hitler Youth." Nazi Germany. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.


"The Nazi Party: Hitler Youth." Hitler Youth. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.


"The Treaty of Versailles." The Treaty of Versailles. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.


"The Versailles Treaty." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.


"Timeline of Events." - Before 1933 — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.