William and Mary of England

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Brief overview


Birth: 1650

Death: 1702

Reign: 1689-1702


Birth: 1662

Death: 1694


William and Mary were the monarchs of England and Scotland with there reign that started at 1689. They were cousins, sharing the same grandfather, Charles I. William's father was William II, and his mother was Mary, Princess Royal, which was the sister of James II, the dethroned monarch.There reign began after William was offered the position by parliament after he invaded England and replaced Mary's father, King James II. This was the Glorious Revolutiom

Approach to governent

William and Mary began the constitutional monarchy ending the Age Of Absolution. They did this by signing the English Bill of Rights. The English Bill of Rights gave more power to Parliament after laying out the basic civil rights, giving free elections, and restricting the powers of the throne.
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English Bill of Rights

The English Bill of Rights was created by parliament in 1689 and lays out basic rights for parliament and the people. They set that parliament required regular elections, freedom of religion, and free elections. It also creates rights for the people, such as no cruel or unusual punishment, and freedom for Protestants.

Glorious Revolution

On 1688, King William landed at England, and began his invasion and began the Glorious Revolution. During this revolution William overthrew the current king, James II. After James II started his strict religious tolerance in 1685, many political figures were opposed, especially with his close relationship with France. The political parties the Whigs, and the Tories, after uniting, decided the best course of action would be to invite William. After getting financial support, William set sail and quickly took reign after two minor battles, due to religious riots in towns.

Religious Reformation

After the takeover of the throne, King James helped reform the protestant church. The church was helped reformed with the influence of John Calvin, after the strict rule of James II