Principles of the Constitution

And how it works today

The main 7 are Popular sovereignty,Republicanism,Federalism, Separation of power, Checks and Balances, limited government, and individual rights

Popular Sovereignty

Popular sovereignty is a government in which the people have power.

In the constitution it states "We the people, of the united states...establish this to be the constitution of the united states."

This is most apparent in the election of the president today.


Republicanism is a principle of government in which the people exercise their power by voting for their political representative.

In the constitution is tells all states to have a republican form of government

This is used today through the election of state representatives, congress men,etc.


Federalism is a system of government where the power is distributed from a central government to smaller political territories, such as states.

The most prime example of this is the national government of the united states giving powers to the states today.

Separation of Power

Separation of power is a system of government where power is separated into different branches. In the United States we have 3 branches:Judicial,Executive, and legislative. This keeps one branch from becoming similar to a tyrant.

In the constitution power is split equally among 3 branches

Checks and balances

Checks and balances and separation of power go hand and hand when it comes to keeping one branch from becoming all powerful. It ensures that each branch has some dominion over the other. A prime example of this today is the president's ability to veto a bill.

Limited government

Limited government does exactly what it sounds like; it limits the government. This is definitely the most easily identifiable principle because we have a limited government. If you were to compare our government to the north Korea government, you'd find many differences because we have a limited government while they have an unlimited government. Freedom of speech is a prime example of our limited government.

Individual rights

Individual rights are rights given to each citizen and they cannot be taken away. These rights are outlined in the Bill of Rights. In the constitution it says all men are equal, and that everyone is entitled to the pursuit of happiness. This is still true today, all men are still able to pursue happiness