Civil Rights Movement

American History By: Mary Archer Boyd 5/17/16

INTRODUCTION

On April 6, 1865 the lives of African Americans would change for ever, they were at long last free. That is the date that the Civil War finished and every single African American were liberated from bondage. In spite of the fact that the African Americans were liberated they were not treated equivalent, and that would not begin to change until the 1960's. t 1964, and the Voting Rights Act.


The accompanying Civil Rights presentation will go top to bottom around 11 essential subjects to the development. This Civil Rights Movement presentation will talk about the accompanying subjects: Brown v. Leading group of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Little Rock Nine, Greensboro Sit-Ins, March on Washington, Martin Luther King, Jr., the Civil Rights Act 1964, and the Voting right Act.

Boycotts

1.During the Civil Right Movement, a way to make African American voices heard was to have boycotts which is a form of non-violent protest.


2. One of the most famous boycotts took place in Montgomery Alabama on a bus. At that time, African Americans had to sit on the back of the bus or give away their seat to any whites. On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks was coming home from her job. When she got on the bus, she sat in the colored section but as more people came on the bus there were no more seats. The bus driver asked Rosa to give up her seat to a white person; she refused to do so. She was arrested.


3.This lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycotts where people protested, in public, to get rid of racial segregation on buses. This led to the decision of The U.S Supreme Court that ruled bus segregation was unconstitutional.

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Some Leaders of the Era

1. Martin Luther King Jr, probably the most famous activist of that time, was an civil rights activist, humanitarian, and a baptist minster. He led the Montgomery Boycotts and help found the SCLC. Martin Luther King Jr. wanted equal rights and he got them through non- violent protest. He led the March on Washington and the " I had a Dream Speech''.

2. Thurgood Marshall was the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court. he was a big advocate for ending legal segregation. he proved that separate facilities for blacks and whites were unequal.


3. Malcolm X- was a human rights activist and American Muslim. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African American in history. Malcolm x organization, the black panthers encouraged violence.

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Segregation

1. The whole point of the civil right movement was to change the law about segregation. Segregation made it so the two races were separated.


2. African Americans had everything separated , buses, water fountains , bathrooms, neighborhoods, transportation, and etc. The Conditions for African Americans were consistently worse and underfunded compared to those available to whites.

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Brown Vs. Board of Education

1. Since 1896 when the Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal schools were constitutional, black and white students went to different schools. This ruling said that separate but equal did not violent the 14th amendment.




2. In the Brown Vs. The board of Education, the plaintiffs said that there was no such thing as separate but equal schools. They said that the schools that black children attested were interiors. This violated the Constitution.




3. The Supreme Court agreed with the plaintiffs. They ruled the separate but equal schools were unconstitutional.

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Civil Rights Act of 1964

1. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national origin. This was considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. President Kennedy first proposed this, but was turn down by members of the southern congress.


2. The Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964.This did not end discrimination, but it did open the door to further progress.

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Little Rock Nine

1.In 1957 nine black students who lived in Little Rock, Alabama tried to enroll in a all white high school. The governor called out the National guard to come out and stop them.

2. The action of the governor violated the Supreme Court 1954 ruling that separate but equal schools was unconstitutional. This was an illegal action.

3. In repose President Eisenhower sent troops to Little Rock to make the black students enroll the school. The Little Rock nine started school on September 25, 1957.
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Voting Rights Act of 1965

The purpose of the Voting Right Act allow all Americans to be able to vote no matter their color. It was passed in reaction to violence and terrorism against voting right activist.


Because of the violence against innocent protesters, President Johnson called for strong voters right law. This was done to protect all Americans who wished to vote in election.



The Voting Rights Act was signed into law in 1965. It prohibited literacy for voters. This law was amended in 1970, 1975, 1982, and 2006.

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Greensboro Sit-ins

1. On February 1, 1960, four students went to eat lunch at Woolworth in Greensboro, where the policy was to refuse service to anyone but whites. They refused to get up, they were arrested and quickly to the news got to the television.


2. The Greensboro sit-ins were nonviolent protests that took place in Greensboro, North Carolina in the 1960's. The sit-ins were a successful movement and resulted in the desegregation of dining facilities throughout the South.



3. Heavy television coverage of the Greensboro sit-ins sparked a sit-in movement that spread quickly to the South and into the North. By the end of March movement had spread to 55 cities in 13 states. Many people got arrested for disorderly conduct or trespassing.

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Freedom Summer

1. Opportunity Summer was a crusade propelled in June 1964. It was sorted out by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) as an endeavor to enlist blacks as voters in Mississippi.


2.Notwithstanding voter enrollment, the Project additionally settled right around 40 deliberate summer schools for blacks that would ordinarily go to isolated and underfunded schools.


3.More than 3,500 understudies went to these "Opportunity Schools".

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March on Washington

1.On August 27, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans accumulated in Washington, D.C., and gently requested common and monetary rights for African Americans.


2.The next day, Martin Luther King, Jr. conveyed his notable "I Have a Dream" discourse as a require the end of prejudice. The March was one of the biggest political energizes for human rights in United States history


3.The March on Washington is additionally credited with moving the U.S. government to start the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

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Martin Luther King Jr.

1. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 and was assassinated on April 4, 1968. He was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1960s.

Martin Luther King believed in non-violent protests in support of the civil rights movement.

2.He is most known for his "I have a dream" speech on August 28,1963 which helped pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and his 3 Selma Marches which helped pass the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Voting Rights Act 1965


3. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed on August 6, 1965 which ended racial discrimination in voting.

Many believe this Act was passed because of the Selma Walk coordinated by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, this Act is credited with being the most effective piece of civil rights legislation.

Impact

African Americans can now have a part in our general public molding the USA into what it is today, and that is an extraordinary thing. That does not simply mean the African Americas that are CEO's, or CFO's of significant partnerships. This additionally implies our schools are incorporated and African Americans can instruct our understudies, this likewise goes out to the ordinary employment that an African American could have never had on the off chance that it was not for the Civil Rights Movement.


The Civil Rights Movement made ready for some different developments like ladies rights, gay rights, inability rights, and settler rights. The Civil Rights Movement taught individuals that change was conceivable on the off chance that you went about it the correct way and inspired individuals to back the development. On the off chance that it was not for the Civil Rights Movement these different developments likely would not have happened.