The Juvenile Justice System

History of Juvenile System

The juvenile justice system is to punish Juveniles- a child or young person under the age of 18. The history was that in the 1900 kids were treated like adults with adult punishments. In the 1800's they said that kids were like this because of moral education and standards. They said that juveniles should be educated and rehabilitate-restore to a useful life usually through treatment and education. Today courts try to balance 3 factors. To help youths to not make criminals in the future. Treating and rehabilitating youths who break the law. also they punish youthful lawbreakers.

Court Procedure

Each state has its own juvenile system with its own laws and practices. They are courts that operate with 18 or younger, but work like usual courts. Police have the authority to do what next. They will call parents or go to court. Half of all juvenile cases are accepted, but if they are not they dismiss charges, giving a informal probation, and giving youths treatment program. Courts will hear a hearing what will happen is that the judge describes the charges made against the defendant. The judge informs the defendant they have the right to remain silent and have the right to a lawyer. Then the child pleads not guilty or guilty. Judge decides sentance and some we taxes would be probation. Counseling a drug treatment, and restitution.

Trying juveniles as adults

Between 1988 and 1994 the number of crimes of murder, sexual assault, and armed robber have doubled. To attack this problem they tried them as adults. Whether a child can be accused an adult crime are history of past run ins with the law, age, and the seriousness of the crime.