Natural Fibers

By Destinee Johnson


The soft, white, downy, fiber attached to the seed of a cotton plant.

-Strong and Durable


-Cool to wear

-Shrinks in hot water

-Wrinkles easily

-Machine wash

-Tumble dry at moderate temperatures

-Press with warm to hot iron



-Shirts, blouses


-Towels, sheets


The fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of sheep.

  • Natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers.
  • Soft and resilient
  • Naturally flame retardant
  • Absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton
  • Shrinks if machine washed or dried; unless chemically treated
  • affected by moths

  • sweaters
  • tailored suits
  • coats
  • blankets
  • upholstery
  • rugs, carpets

  • Dry clean or hand wash in cool water and a mild detergent
  • Do not place in dryer
  • Press with cool iron


The fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant.



-table linens


-durable and strong

-lustrous and smooth

-comfortable and cool to wear

-wrinkles easily

-creases difficult to remove

-can be expensive

-Hand wash or dry clean

-iron while damp


The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm.

  • luxurious appearance and feel
  • strongest of all natural fibers
  • drapes nicely
  • expensive
  • easily spots if fabric becomes wet
  • weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration

  • dry clean or hand wash
  • press on wrong side with warm iron

  • wedding gowns
  • lingerie
  • mens ties

Leather and Fur

From the hides or skins of animals

Leather: a tough, flexible material made by preserving animal hides through a process called tanning.









Fur: the soft, hairy coat of an animal.