Natural Fibers

By Destinee Johnson

Cotton

The soft, white, downy, fiber attached to the seed of a cotton plant.


-Strong and Durable

-Absorbent

-Cool to wear

-Shrinks in hot water

-Wrinkles easily


-Machine wash

-Tumble dry at moderate temperatures

-Press with warm to hot iron


-Underwear

-Socks

-Shirts, blouses

-Jeans

-Towels, sheets

Wool

The fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of sheep.



  • Natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers.
  • Soft and resilient
  • Naturally flame retardant
  • Absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton
  • Shrinks if machine washed or dried; unless chemically treated
  • affected by moths


  • sweaters
  • tailored suits
  • coats
  • blankets
  • upholstery
  • rugs, carpets


  • Dry clean or hand wash in cool water and a mild detergent
  • Do not place in dryer
  • Press with cool iron

Flax

The fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant.


-pants

-blazers

-table linens

-upholstery


-durable and strong

-lustrous and smooth

-comfortable and cool to wear

-wrinkles easily

-creases difficult to remove

-can be expensive


-Hand wash or dry clean

-iron while damp

Silk

The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silkworm.


  • luxurious appearance and feel
  • strongest of all natural fibers
  • drapes nicely
  • expensive
  • easily spots if fabric becomes wet
  • weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration


  • dry clean or hand wash
  • press on wrong side with warm iron


  • wedding gowns
  • lingerie
  • mens ties

Leather and Fur

From the hides or skins of animals


Leather: a tough, flexible material made by preserving animal hides through a process called tanning.


-handbags

-shoes

-belts

-jackets


-cattle

-goatskins

-sheepskins

-reptiles


Fur: the soft, hairy coat of an animal.


-coats

-outerwear

-trimmings


-mink

-chinchilla

-fox

-rabbit