Who were the people associated with the change?
Copernicus became interested in an old Greek idea that the sun stood at the center of the universe, and he also reasoned that indeed the stars, the earth and other planets revolved around the sun. Copernicus heliocentric or sun centered theory still did not completely explain why the planets orbited the way they did. He also knew that most scholars and clergy would reject his theory because it contradicted their religious views.
Johannes Kepler concluded that a certain mathematical laws govern planetary motion, one of the laws showed that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles. Kepler laws showed that Copernicus basic ideas were true.
- Galileo Galilei built on the new theories about astronomy he learned that a Dutch lens maker had an instrument that could enlarge far off objects. Galileo built his own telescope and used it to study the heavens in 1609. Galileo announced that Jupiter had four moons and that the sun had dark spots. He also noted that the moon and stars were made of a pure, perfect substance. Galileo observations ,as well a his laws of motion ,also clearly supported the theories of Copernicus .
How did they change impact society at the time.
A combination of discoveries and circumstances led to the scientific Revolution and helped spread its impacts. During the Renaissance ,European explorers traveled to Africa, Asia and the Americas. Such lands were inhabited by peoples and animals previously unknown in Europe. These discoveries opened Europeans to the possibility that there were new truths to be found. The invention of the printing press during this period helped spread challenging ideas both old and new more widely among Europe's thinkers.
How is that change evident in today's modern society?
Scientists have shown that observation and experimentation ,together with general laws that can be expressed mathematically it can lead people to a better understanding of the natural world.
Fun Fact About Scientific Revolution
The Revolution in scientific thinking that Copernicus, Kepler , and Galileo began eventually developed into a new approach to science called science method. The scientific method is a logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas. It begins with a problems or question arising from an observation. Scientist next form a hypothesis, or unproved assumption. Careful observation and the use of the scientific method eventually became important in many different fields.