Andrew Jackson's Presidency: Events

By Logan Kettle

National Bank

Henry Clay decided to renew the First National Bank during the time of Jackson's presidency, even though the bank was not close to expiring. Anyway, when Henry Clay proposed a Second National Bank in Congress, Jackson vetoed it since he had completely different view on the idea of a National Bank. Even though the First National Bank had been a great help to stabilize the US economy, Jackson and many others believed the bank had created a gap between the wealthy ad the poor. Jackson was known as the "Common Man President" so when he had the chance to veto this bank in order to narrow that gap between wealthy and poor, he took it. After the National Bank was vetoed, the US economy did take a dive, but Jackson had also achieved his goal of narrowing the gap.

Nullification Crisis

What's called the Nullification Crisis first began with the tariffs of 1828 and 1832. The Northerners of America were all for the tariffs, seeing as they would help to boost the economy, and they were fine with buying American goods. The Southerners, however, solely depended on imported good to do agriculture, so tariffs did not roll well with them. And South Carolina was a state that talks back to the government. They decided to not pay their taxes until a compromise was reached on the issue of the tariffs. This statement caused Jackson to pass the Force Bill, which allowed him to use military force to make South Carolina pay taxes. Jackson even threatened to hang his Vice President, John C. Calhoun(who supported the Southerners on the issue of the tariffs) if South Carolina did not obey. When this happened, South Carolina continued further into the conflict by threatening to secede from the United States, which finally made the national government decide on a compromise. Henry Clay wrote this compromise, named the Compromise of 1833, which lowered the tariffs and ended this conflict.

Worcester vs. Georgia

This event all started with what is called the Indian Removal Act. President Jackson was, once again, involved. Jackson had a bad history with the Native Americans and wanted them our of America. One of the biggest Native American tribe at the time was the Cherokee, who were living in a part of Georgia. Jackson helped to pass this Indian Removal Act, which would force the Cherokee to leave their homes and travel to Oklahoma onto a reservation. This did not sit well with the Cherokee, having lived in this place for so long, so the Cherokee decided to sue. This court case was named Worcester vs. Georgia. The ruling of the court session was that the Indians could stay where they are, Supreme Court Official John Marshall saying that it was unconstitutional to force them to leave. And even though that was the ruling, Jackson, being Jackson, still forced the Cherokee out of their homes and on their way to the reservation in Oklahoma. They were promised many things, most of which they were not provided with such as food and medicine on this 850 mile trip that was called the Trail of Tears where many Native Americans died.
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Explanation of Political Cartoon

Andrew Jackson, in this political cartoon, is depicted as a king. A king's characteristics are greedy, tyrannical, and someone who gets what they want. The artist of this painting thinks of Jackson as a law breaker and someone who doesn't really care about others. One of the biggest events that could lead the artist to believe this is Worcester vs. Georgia since Jackson defied the Supreme Court's ruling and sent the Cherokee to Oklahoma even though they were allowed to stay in Georgia. The painting shows the US Constitution ripped up at Jackson's feet because of the things that he's done. The artist might have also shown Jackson as a king because of the many ways he does thing based on his own opinion such as the National Bank Veto, just because he believed it was better off non-existent.
Comment Below:
Jackson is the best. I'm a Northerner, and I never got an education, but now someone is FINALLY here to help me and all the others that fit into my category. I now have the chance to get a very well paying job. Plus, thanks to him shutting down that pestering national bank, the wealthy aren't as far off from me as they used to be. Oh and the situation with the tariffs was dumb. Jackson was completely right to approve those and the South should be able to get along fine. It helps are economy a ton and then Henry Clay comes along and writes this compromise. This is why I like Jackson. Even though all this happened he still fought for people like me through it all. And those Indians needed to be kicked out, this is our land now. Jackson has helped America tons and it's gonna be pretty sad when he leaves.

I may not know that much about American government, as a Cherokee but I got some things to say about Jackson. I have made some friends in Southern America and they inform me a lot. Plus, there's the personal relationship Jackson has with us Natives. Him shutting down the National Bank was stupid. The economy took a terrible dive and all of the biased opinion of Jackson who wants the poor to have jobs. Second, the tariffs. Just because Jackson's having financial problems doesn't give him the right to do something like that. In the time that those tariffs were imposed, my Southern friends were hurt terribly. Jackson doesn't care about the opinion of others and he doesn't deserve to be the president. And then he got personal. The Cherokee and I live in Georgia and for some random reason nobody knows, Jackson decided to kick us out. So we sued, of course because we didn't want to lose the land we've been living in for HUNDREDS OF YEARS. And we won. But of course, Jackson, not caring about anybody else went ahead and removed us anyway. These Americans with guns charged into our houses and forced us on our way with whatever we had on our backs. Then began the Trail of Tears. The long hard journey that we went for, because Jackson didn't like us. All of my family died on that trip except for my little brother. Jackson doesn't even begin to comprehend the suffering he put us through. Plus, we were promised food, money and medicine but got nothing except harsh treatment and death. And I'm betting it was due to Jackson. After this terrible, cold, hard journey we were forced onto certain land picked out for us that I was in no way familiar with. So, I don't know about Americans, but if I had a president, I wouldn't want him to be Jackson.