Eisenhower

Created by: Taylor Johnson

Election of Eisenhower

  • Eisenhower belonged to the Republican Party

  • Elected on November 4, 1952

  • Ran against Adlai Stevenson

  • Won 55.2% to 44.3%

  • Elected again on November 6, 1956

  • Ran against Adlai Stevenson yet again

  • Won 57.4% to 42.0%

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The Cold War


  • What is the definition of Cold War?


-A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.



KEY EVENTS


  • Arms Race- a rapid, competitive increase in the quantity or quality of instruments of military or naval power by rival states in peacetime


  • Korean War- A war between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, North Korea, and Soviet Union-Resulted in the separation of Korea

  • Suez Crisis- Diplomatic and military confrontation between Egypt versus Britain, France, and Israel


  • The Space Race- Competition between the U.S. and the USSR for supremacy in spaceflight capability
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Joseph McCarthy

  • Eisenhower toured with McCarthy in Wisconsin for a campaign
  • US Representative
  • Anti-Communist
  • Sparked career in a speech claiming he had names of of all the communists working in the state department
  • Political approach known as McCarthyism
  • Made accusations (even false ones)
  • Remained senator until death
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Eisenhower and Desegregation


What is desegregation?


  • The process of ending the separation of two groups (usually referring to races)


Little Rock Crisis


  • Governor of Little Rock ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent African Americans from enlisting in Central High School
  • Eisenhower met with the Governor
  • Governor agreed to allow African Americans enroll in their school
  • When riots broke out, the governor didn't do anything and Eisenhower was contacted yet again
  • Placed Arkansas National Guard under federal control
  • Sent troops to order control in Little Rock


Brown vs. Board of Education


  • "Separate but Equal"
  • Deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
  • A fight for civil rights


Montgomery Bus Boycott


  • Rosa Parks (an African American) refused to move for a white person
  • She was arrested and taken to the city jail
  • When taken to trial, a boycott broke out among the African American population
  • Several black churches and homes were bombed
  • Beginning of civil rights movement

Civil Rights Act (1957)


  • First civil rights legislation passed by congress
  • Congress' way of supporting the Supreme Courts' decision on the Brown case
  • Ensure that all Americans exercised their right to vote
  • Growing federal commitment to the cause of civil rights
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Eisenhower's Republicanism Policies



  • Active role in federal government for domestic policies and foreign affairs
  • The "Middle Way"
  • Believed that American traditions needed to be compromised in order to preserve the foundation on which they rest upon
  • Eisenhower Doctrine: Allowed any Middle Eastern country to request American economic assistance from U.S. Military Forces if being threatened by armed aggression from another state
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Vietnam War and Space Race


Vietnam War


  • Derived from components of the Cold War
  • America believed that Communism was speeding all over south-east Asia
  • Eisenhower restrained U.S. involvement


Space Race



  • Eisenhower guided America into the space rage
  • He approved satellites and supported new civilian space agency
  • Signed a new science education law
  • Fostered improved relations with scientists
  • Sputnik was the first satellite launched by the USSR
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