Urbanization of Canada:

Urban Settlement Patterns

Lesson Objectives:

I will know:

1. Why Canada's population is increasingly becoming more urbanized.

2. The services provided in a urban centers of differing sizes.

3. How some Canadian cities became large metropolitan centers.

Minds on: Graph Analysis

With a partner, select two dates on the graph below and provide a reason to explain why Canada became more urbanized during this period. Think about historical events or changes to Canada's population (Unit 1).

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Where are people moving the GTA?

Record the answers to the following questions in your notebook.

Which locations in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) are experiencing the fastest growth? What reasons may motivate people to live in these areas?

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Define Key Terms:

Define the following key terms in your notebook.


Urban Growth



Economic base

Basic Industry

Non-basic Industry

Central Place

Threshold Population

Urbanization of Canada:

When Canada became a country in 1867, 18% of the population lived in small towns and cities. Now 81% of Canadians live in densely populated cities in a concentrated distribution pattern. So what caused the change in distribution patterns?


Christaller's Central Place Theory

Copy the following graph into your notebook.

Christaller Central Place Theory Note

Central Place Theory Scramble:

Using the following definitions match the population size, frequency service is required and example services.

High-order goods- require large threshold population and provide important services are that are expensive and rarely required.

Middle-order goods- require big threshold population and provide services and items we need from time to time.

Low-order goods- require small threshold population and provide services we need on a daily basis.

Basic vs. Non-Basic Industry

Basic Industry Questions Homework

1. If an automotive company announces that it will cut 150 factory jobs in Brampton, how many jobs will be lost within the community?

2. When the city of Mississauga announced that Microsoft is expanding its head office in 2016, which will create 1500 new administrative jobs, how many non-basic jobs are created? How many jobs are created in total?

3. How many basic industry jobs where created if the city of Mississauga announces that in December there was a gain of 2500 non-basic jobs?

Different Kinds of Urban Centers

Some large cities such as Toronto and Montreal were settled and initially served a variety of different functions, such as, Government Centres and Manufacturing. Cities that serve a variety of functions are called Diversified Urban Centres. Other cities were established to fulfill one primary function.

Select one of the following Urban Centres:

Manufacturing Cities

Transportation Hubs

Tourist Cities

Government Centres

Resource-Based Communities

Create a graffiti wall to demonstrate the following information.

1. What is the function of this city?

2. What types of activities take place in these cities?

3. Provide an example city and industry.