Voice and Choice

Daniel Pink - Autonomy, Mastery & Purpose
Voice and Choice

DNA - Device Neutral Activities

Tips for DNA


  • Allow choice of product. Can students show their learning through a video, website, screencast, essay or presentation?
  • Co-construct success criteria. If products will be different, what makes a successful product? How will it meet the curriculum expectations?
  • Use generic descriptions. Instead of requiring "PowerPoint", use "presentation". Instead of requiring "Word", use "text-based" or "word-processing".
  • Suggest cross-platform services. Many apps and services can be used on all devices. See below for suggestions.
  • Group students purposely. An activity may require a camera and a computer/laptop--pair a student with a smartphone with another who has a laptop. Conversely, group students with similar devices.
  • Use the classroom technology. Your document camera can be used to create images, video, etc. During group work, one group can use the class desktop computer.

Using Menus

Use Menus to give student choice within parameters.
Learning menus outline a variety of instructional options targeted toward important learning goals. Students are able to select the choices which most appeal to them. The teacher directs the menu process, but the student is given control over his/her choice of options, order of completion, etc.


Take a look at these example menus: