Federal Court System
Module 6 Lesson 1 Mastery Assignment
US Marshals Comes Knocking
A US Marshal duties include: making arrest, collect fines, transport convicted people to people, guard juries, keep order in courts, and serve subpoenas. "The U.S. Marshall are federal law enforcement agency responsible for the protection of federal courts and enforcement of decisions made by those courts" (Grabianowski). Every federal judicial district acquire a US Marshals.
Magistrate Judge's Determination
Magistrate Judges determine whether the accused person should go to or be release on bail. A Magistrate Judges is informed on hearing evidences and determines if the case should go to trial. District Court has magistrate judges.
Facing The District Court
Most trials begin at the district court because the district court has original jurisdiction (right to hear a case 1st). The Court involves US Attorney, who prosecutes people of breaking the law, witnesses, juries, the judge, who serves for a life term, and the person being convicted. In the district court, the court and the witnesses will rule if the person is found guilty or innocent. If either party believes the court's procedure is a mistake, the party can request for appeal.
Heading to Courts of Appeals
When a case reaches the Courts of Appeals, the Courts of Appeals reviews the district court's decision; this is known as appellate jurisdiction (power to hear a case appealed from the lower court). There is 13 courts of appeals known as circuit because the courts cover specialize geographic areas; but the 13 courts of appeals is a nationwide jurisdiction. The Courts of Appeals manage whether the trial was fair and if it protected the person's right. "Most courts of appeals decisions are final" (Moodle).
Courts of Appeals do not hold juries instead they have 3 choices: agree with the original decision of the District Court, reverse the District Court's ruling, or remand (direct the case to the lower court to be trial again) the case. After Courts of Appeals, one appellate judge writes an opinion to explain their reasoning behind their decisions. The opinion places precedent (model) for other judges when making their decisions on future similar cases.